Showing posts with label Kathmandu Diary. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Kathmandu Diary. Show all posts

Sunday, August 16, 2020

Nepali youth discovered Instagram's 'bug'

A 21-year-old Nepali youth discovered Instagram's 'bug' and won a $ 6,000 prize


Cyber ​​security researcher Saugat Pokharel has discovered a bug (security vulnerability) on Instagram. The 21-year-old discovered on Instagram that the user's deleted photo and direct message had long been on the company's server.


According to Europe's new data policy, in 2018, Instagram provided users with the facility to download their data. Taking advantage of the facility, Saugat downloaded his data. The downloaded data also included a photo he had deleted a year earlier and a direct message.


According to Instagram's policy, if a user deletes a photo or direct message, the deleted message and photo must be removed within 90 days. This means that the company's servers do not have such data.


However, in the data downloaded by Saugat, a photo older than 90 days is still on the server and that photo was also downloaded.


"The data that I deleted a long time ago has not been deleted by Instagram from its servers," he told TechCrunch. The bug was fixed last month. '


"Investigators have long reported that even deleted data stays on the server and that the information is downloaded when the data is downloaded," an Instagram spokesperson said. "The problem has now been resolved." There is no misuse of such data. '


Following the discovery of the bug, Instagram offered a reward of 6,000 US dollars, or 720,000 Nepali rupees.

Wednesday, July 29, 2020

Google says '11 percent of Nepalis still at home'

Google says '11 percent of Nepalis still at home'


Google has been publishing reports from time to time on how the movement and activities of people in society are changing due to coronavirus (Covid-19). Google released a new 'Community Mobility Report' on Thursday, based on a study from last Tuesday.


According to the report, the activities in the homes of Nepalis have not been completed yet. Compared to the normal situation, 11 percent Nepalis are still at home.

Activities in other areas are gradually becoming normal. But the excitement at home is still there.


Based on Google Maps, Google has divided the study area into 6 different categories. These include entertainment, supermarkets and pharmacies, parks, public transport, work areas and housing.

According to Google's report, the number of people visiting restaurants, cafes, shopping centers, museums, libraries, movie theaters and other places in Nepal is still 35 percent less than usual. However, compared to March, it has increased by 43 percent, according to Google.

In March, activity at such locations had dropped by 78 percent. Similarly, the activity of people in grocery, food, agricultural market, pharmacy, supermarket and other places is still 17 percent less.

Activities in national parks, river banks, public gardens, etc. have been reduced by 21 percent. Similarly, activities in public transport, bus parks and other places have decreased from 74 percent to 36 percent compared to March.

According to a report by Google, 34 percent of people are still unable to attend work.

The number of people returning to the area, which was reduced by 72 percent in March, seems to be increasing. On this basis, Google concludes that 11 percent of people are still at home.

Nepal and Nepali's new 'address'/'Thegana'


Everyone has their own personal experiences and experiences. There are many examples of those experiences that have made a difference in people's lives.


The story of the popular messaging app Viber in Nepali society was also an experience. Talmon Marco started Viber to shorten the hours-long journey to visit his girlfriend.

Similarly, Garrett Camp, the founder of Uber, has become the owner of billions of dollars by turning an unpleasant experience of paying eight hundred dollars into rent into an opportunity.


Similarly, there are many Nepali products born from one's own experience. A vivid example of this is 'Address Service'. Address i.e. digital map of Nepali.

The streets of Patan were smooth and if Vishal KC could have easily found his friend's office, it would not have become an 'address' today.

KC, who returned to Nepal after a long stay in the United States, had never followed the streets of Patan before. He lost his roof based on the location given by his friend. Reaching a friend's office through that street of Patan proved to be a Mahabharata for him.

Casey recalls, "I went ahead and showed the location of my friend's office to the locals. But, I could not reach the address I had to go. I had to call my friend to pick him up by giving him the address where he was standing. '

The journey to the friend's office is over. But, in my mind, the map of the new journey began to be drawn. After returning from a friend's office, he spent the next few months searching for a way to cross the street.

KC recalls, ‘I thought it would be possible to map Nepal digitally. So that you can easily reach your destination by pointing to a digital number. '

However, not all the streets in Kathmandu had a separate name. The government has not done much in this regard. After brainstorming for about eight months, he finally took the journey of his mind to the place of 'address'. Which was a unique location based on code.

This is April 2019. Although code-based mapping systems are new to Nepal, they are not new to the global environment. During the study, KC found that it was used in countries like Kenya and Mongolia.

Even there, it was used to solve problems like the confusion in the streets of Kathmandu. So Casey himself doesn't consider it unique.

Anyway, his team started it in Nepal. For that, 858 million codes were prepared by measuring the territory of Nepal at the rate of 9 by 9 meters. Nine numbers with letters and numbers were provided to make each place unique.

For example, the address of Goshwara Post Sundhara, Kathmandu was given as 'KTM-P82756'. The first three letters indicate the district concerned and the remaining six numbers indicate the location. In the above address, KTM means Kathmandu district and the rest is the electronic address of Goshwara post office.

In the same way, 'Address' has given a unique number to every place in Nepal. It even has its own address from the top of Dada to the middle of the Trishuli river. Casey wanted it to solve even future problems.

So, even if there is no house in any place at present, even if the road is not paved, the digital address of that place is already ready. It also has the facility to allow the user to enter the name of their address as they wish.

If someone needs a QR code for their address, it can be prepared by putting the necessary information in it. According to KC, the number of people using 'address' has exceeded 1,500 at present. According to him, digital addresses of more than 16,000 households have been prepared.

The 'Address App', which works even offline without internet, can show the way to the destination by giving instructions at every turn. KC's dream is to make the journey easier by showing the way to every passenger.

"It also aims to make it easier to get delivery services, get emergency services, register addresses in a bank account, and travel from one place to another on foot," he said.

It can also relieve financial institutions from the difficulty of following the current KYC rules. It seems to be useful for quick and simple relief work during natural disasters. In the process of preparing the address in this way, it is not uncommon for those who say that the address team is like Google Map.

KC said that he understood it as a right question and wrong answer. Explaining his point, he goes on to say, "Because, where Google and Apple Map left Nepal, we started all over again." Of course, Google Maps is the backbone of our system. We do not plan to replace Google with the address. '

Do a Google search for the site and then click on the cached link below the search results. But the 'address' has made it possible to find every house from the search. Casey thinks replacing a big company like Google is beyond his capacity and purpose.

In fact, 'Address' is a local product that solves the problems of Nepal and Nepalis by making good use of Google Maps. Even though the product is ready, now the issue of explaining the importance of their address to every people has become a challenge for them.

KC's team has made a plan to get rid of the obligation to say location from a certain place here or there. Now his team is busy marketing the address. At the same time, 'address' is being used as an alternative to sustainable and sustainable projects.


The company currently employs eight people. They are in a hurry to use the code-based address as an alternative in government bodies. But government bodies have not been able to rise above the same old matrix system.

The metric system is a system of naming certain streets separately and addressing the houses and places below / above the road on the same basis. However, not all streets in Nepal have been named.

KC sees such a practice as impossible to imagine a digital Nepal. He says, "Address can be a good tool to realize the vision of Digital Nepal."

Based on the 'address', the government is likely to make a good income by activating the postal service. This was KC's motive behind creating the app.

"I wanted the dead postal service in Nepal to be revived with this address," says KC.

Now the market is sure to be based on online. Online shopping, online business has begun to expand. 'Address' can be an easy way to get cheap goods to the destination.

If it is to be used, it is certain that the current obligation of the customer to contact again and again for delivery while giving his location will be removed.

Who can work out a solution cheaply and quickly. Address is also preparing to collaborate with online service delivery companies.

Links:


Friday, May 29, 2020

Electric cars expanding the market

Increased tax on electric vehicles, thus increasing the price

The government has a policy to increase electricity consumption at a higher rate in the coming fiscal year. For that, the government has a plan to promote electric vehicles. However, the budget has undermined its own plan by raising taxes on electric vehicles.

In the budget for the coming fiscal year 2077/078 presented in the parliament on Thursday, the customs and excise rates for importing electric vehicles have been increased extensively. This will make jeeps and cars more expensive than buses with electric motors.

The government plans to impose up to 80 percent customs duty on all types of electric cars. In the case of three-wheeled electric vehicles, only 30 percent customs duty has been fixed. However, 50 percent discount has been provided in it, so 40 percent customs duty has to be paid while supplying.

The government has brought a budget bill to impose excise duty of 5 to 80 percent on electric vehicles depending on the capacity of the motor.


The government has decided to levy 80 percent customs duty on electric cars brought for private use.

Earlier, the government was levying 10 percent excise duty, 13 percent VAT and 4 percent road tax on the purchase price. As the government has given duty exemption on electric cars, the buyers of electric vehicles have been attracting more and more.

Earlier, the excise duty on electric cars imported from 10 percent has been increased to 80 percent. Jeeps and cars with 50 to 100 kW motors will be subject to 30 percent excise duty.

Vehicles with 100 to 150 kW motor will be charged 50 percent excise duty on vehicles with 40,150 to 200 kW motor and vehicles with 200 to 300 kW motor will be charged 60 percent excise duty. If the pick-up of the car is more than 300 watts, 70 percent excise duty will be levied.

The government will impose only 5 percent excise duty on vehicles with more than 25 seats. The excise duty on electric buses of smaller capacity is up to 55 percent. The government has also increased the road toll from 1 percent to 5 percent this time.

How does the price of an electric car increase?

Let's look at an example of how the price of an electric car currently being sold in Nepal for Rs 10 million is increasing. An electric car worth Rs 10 million in Nepal is now bought in foreign markets for  49,000. Based on today's exchange rate, its value in the company is Rs 7.252 million.

Now, according to the tax rate brought by the government, 80 percent customs duty is levied on it. In other words, it now costs Rs 58 lakh 1 thousand. However, as half of the exemption has been given, Rs 2.9 million will be added to the customs.

An additional 60 percent excise duty is also charged. That is, now the value of Rs 43.51 million is added to it. Accordingly, the value of this vehicle can reach Rs 14.5 million after paying customs excise duty. Adding 5 percent road toll to this price adds Rs 725,000. Besides, 13 percent VAT should also be added. Accordingly, 1.835 million VAT is added. By the time the price of this vehicle crosses the customs point, about 17 million 62 thousand importers can have spent it.

If 20 percent profit is kept in it, the value will be maintained only by adding 3.4 million 12 thousand. That is, an electric car bought abroad for Rs 7.2 million can be sold in Nepal for only Rs 20.5 million.


Electric cars expanding the market

President Vidyadevi Bhandari, Minister for Energy Barshaman Pun, Managing Director of Nepal Electricity Authority Kulman Ghising and others have been using electric vehicles.

It has been months since Minister Pun left Toyota's petrol car and started riding in the Chinese brand BYD E-Six model car. After him, President Bhandari has also started using the same model car worth Rs 6.6 million.


Not only these high-ranking officials but also the general public are showing interest in electric vehicles today. Sahil Shrestha, Chief Executive Officer of BYD Auto Industries, said that electric vehicles (EVs) have become the choice of many as they do not have to pay taxes annually, do not have petroleum problems and are environmentally friendly.

"Adding maintenance, taxes and fuel costs saves millions of rupees," he said. "It only costs a rupee to run a kilometer on an EV." According to him, electric vehicles have not been able to produce with great results.


He said that due to limited battery production, such vehicles could not be distributed in the world as per the demand. Hyundai sells two models of electric cars in Nepal, Kona and Ionic. Bhatta informed that 44 vehicles have been sold so far.

"Hyundai is all set to launch a new model of e-vehicle," he said, adding that "there is a growing demand for such vehicles as people become more environmentally conscious." We launched Kona last January with 40 units booked in a single week. We have sold it all. 'Hyundai's Kona costs Rs 5.59 million and Ionic costs Rs 5.196 million. BYD is unveiling a new E3 model car in a few months. Shrestha also informed that e-bus is also being brought.

Mahindra, Tata, Kia brand electric cars can be bought in Nepal. Apart from this, cars of brands like Haoyu, Dehi, J Star are also available. They range in price from Rs 1.6 million to Rs 6.6 million. Among them, Mahindra's models like Reva and Verito are the most sold. Mahindra has so far sold about 600 electric cars, while Dehi has sold 10, Hao 4 and J Star 4. Banks provide up to 80 percent auto loans to those who buy electric vehicles.


The number of electric cars in Nepal is now around one thousand, said Umesh Raj Shrestha, president of the Electric Vehicles Association. According to him, there are 3500 to 4000 e-scooters, 4000 tricycles and 750 clean tempos in the country.

"Ten years ago today, the Navy Company introduced electric brand electric cars," he said. There are not enough choices to make.


He said that he was getting the car of his choice as there was no variety of vehicles. "Is it cheap, expensive or mid-range vehicles?" He said. "There is not enough diversity."


Charging station not reached

The electric vehicle has to be charged just as the internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle needs fuel. Now electric car companies have set up their own charging stations in various locations. BYD has 12 fast charging stations inside Kathmandu and 3 outside the Kathmandu Valley. Nepal Electricity Authority has also set up charging stations at Ratna Park and Singha Durbar.


"It would have been easier to have a charging station every 30-40 kilometers," said Sitaram Dahal of Budhanilkantha, who runs Mahindra's Verito. Hesitant sellers have experience.


Shrestha of the Electric Vehicles Association does not consider charging stations to be a big problem. According to him, if the government provides land and electricity in some major places like Muglin, Bardibas and Narayanghat, companies can easily build stations by placing charging piles. "The government's environment-friendly transport policy plans to make 20 percent of vehicles electric by 2020," he said. The government is bringing in big diesel-powered vehicles. '


Shrestha said that the government should be more serious for the promotion of electric vehicles. He said that not only cars but also e-scooters and public electric vehicles need to be promoted. "In order to reduce pollution by reducing the consumption of fossil fuels, the government should place special emphasis on the promotion of public electric vehicles," he said. "The promotion of private vehicles alone is not enough."

Wednesday, May 27, 2020

Mount Everest is the first living memory in Kathmandu Nepal

Mount Everest from Kathmandu first appears in memory of life. Last week, these photos were taken from the famous mountain of Nepal, where it was never seen. Low air pollution means that Mount Everest appears for the first time in our lifetime.

And all this thanks to Coronavirus.


Reduced air pollution in Nepal means that Mount Everest can be seen for the first time in our lifetime, and all this is caused by the coronavirus. Many lockdown laws and restrictions around the world have significantly reduced the use of cars and public transport. Many factories and industrial buildings were also closed. In most countries of the world the air quality is improving significantly and the summit of Mount Everest from Kathmandu can be seen even though the mountain is 120 miles away. Increased air quality is mild in other mild respiratory diseases. Patients reported a significant decrease in their symptoms and had not seen their respiratory specialist in the past months.

HAMS Hospital pulmonary care specialist Raju Pangeeni said, "Many of our COPD patients do not need regular follow-up because their symptoms have diminished. Some people say they do not need oxygen therapy. Vehicle emissions are the largest source of air pollution in Kathmandu. One study reported that up to 70% of Kathmandu's road-level air pollution came from widespread vehicle use. Concerns gradually decrease. Many worry that air quality is deteriorating as life returns to normal.

However, the people of Kathmandu can now enjoy the view of the highest mountain in the world.For the first time ever from the capital of Nepal, Mount Everest is seen in living memory

Less air pollution means visibility is better than before.

The summit of Everest is 200 kilometers from Kathmandu and is now visible for the first time in decades from the capital of Nepal. 

As a result of the current lockdown restrictions that have halted many areas of society, air quality is now better than ever. Residents of Kathmandu have always loved watching the world's highest peak from their home, but the industry is already in heavy production, car use is low and air travel is practically lower than ever.

Coronaviruses have become clearer than Los Angeles' ranges, with air pollution in London significantly reduced. We have found it to be good for infections. The event provided a snapshot of what a low-carbon community looks like. The World Health Organization estimates that approximately 3 million people die from air pollution related illnesses each year. It has been reported that up to 80% of people living in cities suffer from unsafe air quality.


So what does this mean for the future? Will this forced experiment change the way we think about climate change?

Last week, the summit of Mount Everest was seen for the first time from Kathmandu. According to a Nepal Times report, the above photo taken from Chobar was not possible by Abhishan Gautam, the world's highest peak, more than 120 miles away.

Related: Brain Post: 17 Interesting Things About Mount Everest

Due to a global lockdown to prevent the spread of coronaviruses, vehicles are off the road and the industry is stagnant, resulting in a significant reduction in air pollution and clean air over Nepal.

Related: Everest mountaineering season can prevent coronavirus outbreaks

The hospital for respiratory diseases has deteriorated for the past few months due to pollution and poor air quality in the area. "Many of our COPD patients do not need regular follow-up because their symptoms have subsided. Some people say they no longer need oxygen therapy.

Vehicle emissions are the largest air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley, and a study estimates that up to 70% of all particulate matter at the street level. Once the lockdown measures are lifted, people can return to their normal lifestyles and avoid social contact as never before, and it can last a lifetime, again drowning in fog. For now, however, Kathmandu residents can relish its glory. Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal and the second largest metropolis in the region with a population of about 2.5 million.

Related: History of Everest | What it did to reach the world’s roof

Mount Everest is the highest mountain on earth, located in the sub-range of the Himalayas, the Mahalangarh Himalayas. The China-Nepal border runs at its peak. The current official height is 8,850 meters (29,035 feet), and in 1999 climbers were determined using GPS (Global Positioning System) equipment.


Armour Of God Nepal



Band - Armour of God 

Armour of God (formerly Armour of God Nepal) is an Nepali Christian music praise and worship
group from Old Baneshwor, Kathmandu, Nepal where they started making music in  2015, at Bethel
AGFN Church. 

The band has some notable members, including John, Dainel, Yamima, Kiran, Abhisekh, David and Ranjit.


Background

The group formed in 2015, Kathmandu, Nepal, where they were located at Bethel AGFN Church.
Their members were childhood friends since children's church from the beginning where they were engaged in all kind of Christian praise and worship activities. The group was called Bethel Musical Group until 2017, when they took the name Armour of God. They all are active members of Church's praise and worship group.

History

Song titled (Kati Ramahat ko Din Yo) |Armour Of God |  released their first official musical video streaming through YouTube as a Nepali Christmas Rap Song, recorded @  Hephzibah Music City on their official YouTube Channel, Dec 22, 2019.

Armour of God is going to release their first musical album by the end of 2020.

Here are the list of their Original songs from their upcoming album. 

#ChristainSong #GospelMusic #Armour_of_God #armourofgod_nepal

Auu Hami Uchalau Yeshu Lai |Armour of God |

Auu Hami Mileey Garau Prathana |Armour of God |

Antim Samaya |Armour of God |

Hey Yuwa | Armour of God |

Jiwan Full Jastai |Armour of God |

Lau Dajai Suna Hai Yeta |Armour of God |



Members

As of 2015, John Das has been appointed to lead the band by thier team members. 

The following have been or are currently active members of Armour Of God. 

Vocal/ Guitar :- John Das 

Rap/ Vocal/ Arranger :- Daniel Dq

Vocal/ Keys/ Guitar :- Yamima Bomzon

Bass/ Guitar/ Vocal/ Keys :- Kiran Gurung

Drum/ Vocal :- Abhisekh Sonam Chhetri

Lead Guitar :- David Tamang

Rhythm Guitar :- Ranjit Shrestha




Links to thier Offical website


Instagram   armourofgod_nepal




Facebook Armour Of God






Tuesday, May 26, 2020

First-Time Mountain Climbers

WAY TO THE TOP
 TIPS FOR Climbers-BEGINNERS
The idea of ascension a mountain may be exciting nonetheless daunting at identical time.
You recognize that there’s a reward-able read and scenery after you get to the highest, however you’re troubled regarding the complete method and also the climb itself.


Jog before you climb
This is however you'll condition your body and build your stamina for the uphill climb. This  is often very necessary particularly if you don’t typically estimate, as a result of you don’t wish to shock your body of the sweat it’s to progressing to bear. Certify to jog many times within the weeks resulting in your climb.
Examine the mountain you’re progressing to climb
This is necessary as a result of it’s best to understand regarding the options specific to the path, just like the presence of climactic (blood leeches), watercourse or waterway crossing and walking, convenience of water supply, entrance fees, etc.
 Waterproof your things whether or not rain or shine
Even if it doesn’t rain, you ne'er grasp if you’re progressing to run into a puddle or stream that you just need to cross, or worse, may slip into. Don’t simply defend yourself, defend your things too by exploitation waterproof materials. You can’t afford to become dehydrated by the climb. Dehydration will offer you fatigue, headache, and even confusion. It’ll be arduous to search out a supply of contemporary and clean water too. Bring your own water and certify you drink after you have to be compelled to. You don’t wish to be a burden to your fellow climbers if ever you begin obtaining dizzy because of dehydration!
 Bring snacks high in carbs and macro-molecule
You’re progressing to burn loads of carbohydrates and fats on your hike, and you can’t lose an excessive amount of as a result of you’ll run out of energy, specialize in keeping your body provided with enough carbs to optimize your performance.
Pack some path combine, nuts, candies, bread, etc.
Nothing like stretching to urge you tense up and heat up your muscles for the hours of hiking that lies prior to you! Strive doing dynamic stretches rather than static stretches. Dynamic stretches need you to maneuver through the stretches rather than holding them for ten seconds, that is what you'd waste static stretches.
Samples of dynamic stretches area unit alternating knee raise, squat to hip flex-or muscle, alternating high kicks, trunk twist, and alternating quad stretch. Basic medicines, band-aids, cotton, beta-dine, and something you're thinking that you may would like are going to be value their weight in gold if ever one thing unhealthy comes up. Don’t ever forget to bring your attention kit!
Greet individuals you pass on the path
You’ll in all probability encounter locals and fellow climbers on your path. Create it a pleasing expertise for everybody and greet them “Good Morning”, “Good Afternoon”. Never throw it within the mountains and close community! Bring a instrumentality like plastic wherever you'll store your trash.
Be respectful of the atmosphere and bear in mind that you’re simply a guest within the mountain you’re exploring.
It would be sensible to stay the seven Leave No Trace Principles in mind: arrange ahead, travel and camp on sturdy surfaces, get rid of waste properly, leave what you discover, minimize fire impacts, respect life, and be considerate of alternative guests.
Acumen to heed the decision of nature
If you've got to heed the decision of nature, ne'er bang on the path. Realize a spot wherever individuals won’t be fazed by what you permit.

While regular training and strong hiking gear are essential requirements for a successful mountain trip, there are some important things that beginners can ignore along the way.
Here are tips to help you plan a safe and enjoyable trip for those with a lot of misunderstandings on the mountains. In the meantime, make sure you pack these hiking essentials. You’ve probably climbed that hill countless times in the back of your house, and winning the Stepper Mounts is less exhausting than the previous one.
Are you accustomed to walking up the slope in the same agility?
The first thing a mountain climbing coach will probably tell you is that walking up the mountain is difficult. Therefore, closing the hill program at the trade mill is not enough. This will help improve your balance and prevent you from skidding on rocks and grit. Getting down a steep mountain with no training can lead to knee injury and calf injury. It is always advisable to identify the weak points of your body and find ways to strengthen them before the big day.
Even in the absence of snow, it is colder than you might expect.
If it makes sense that you want to travel lightly, waterproof trousers and thick wool jackets can save lives. In spite of all the rough walking you do, the cold is getting into your bones. Even in the absence of snow, it is colder than you might expect.
In spite of all the rough walking you do, the cold is getting into your bones. Freezing temperatures and strong winds are unstoppable obstacles for a beginner. Mountain gear is expensive, but if you plan on trekking to a lifetime hobby, it's worth investing in weather-friendly clothing. If you encounter strong winds as soon as you reach the peak, proceed with caution. A strong emotion can easily get you to your feet. If necessary, descend from all sides and work your way up.

High altitude sickness leads to decreased appetite and persistent nausea.
Still, try to eat some light on your way out. Treat yourself with some chocolate and gum sweets to boost your energy needs. Once you start your descent, you will most likely enjoy it. By the time you reach the peak, your body consumes a lot of energy. Remember that going downhill also requires considerable fuel. Set aside some space in your rucksack for snacks that are high in carbohydrate and nutritional value. These include mixed nuts, dried fruits, crackers, cereal bars and raisins. I love these fruits and nut snack bars by Wild Trail.

At first it may seem like a bad idea.
It can be difficult to stop for a few minutes. Do not try to fall to the ground or lean on the rocks. Sitting down can be very tempting, but doing so will keep your toes or your entire body very cold. The only way to beat the cold temperatures is to keep going. That being said, take small breaks regularly as you go up. Stand up, lift your chest and take in the fresh mountain air. If you carry a heavy bag, give your back and shoulders well-deserved breaks. Extend your back and extend your shoulders back down. And until you do, extend your legs, scratch your toes, and move forward with a smile that will assure the next step.
Climbing a mountain also requires a good dose of mental energy.
It is important to embrace the challenge with will and optimism. However, once you embark on your trek, it will be difficult to maintain that will. When the excitement of the wind rips your face and you breathe in, the humming noise inside your head forces you to return. One thing to avoid is the temptation to keep looking at the huge slopes in front of you. All you want to do is still be interested in the mile. Instead of concentrating on your feet, and connect with the earth beneath your feet.
Another way to reduce stress is to focus on your breathing. Squeeze deeply through your nose and through your mouth. Let the fresh mountain air clear your s lungs. Regulated breathing can also help reduce your heart rate. If you are with a group, provide ongoing support to your peers.
Team Spirit plays an important role in such campaigns.
This may seem obvious, but it is not always possible to enjoy the view while you are in the middle of a laborious trek. Stop for a few minutes to admire the greatness of the mountain. Give your body enough time to absorb the forces of nature. It energizes you and prepares you to climb the peak. I wouldn’t go anywhere without my Canon EOS 1200D, which I bought in 2015 and is still going strong despite all sorts of things.

There comes a time in the life of some backpackers when they see a sign of a snowy peak and wonder what it would take to get there.
If you are dreaming of lofty goals, perhaps it is time to try mountaineering. In some ways, climbing a mountain is no different than backpacking. You will often start on the sidewalk with a pack of gear on your back and you will need time to travel. But, the goal of backpacking is to complete a scenic loop or move out of the way, the goal of mountaineering is to get to the top of the peak, and you often get there by traveling on ice, and maybe that glacier or snow.
Hiking is very physically and mentally demanding, working long hours at a slower pace and getting on the mountain with a heavy pack on your back.
And before you go, you need to learn technical skills like how to use ice axes and how to protect yourself from a climber. But the reward of reaching the summit and your accomplishment in completing the journey will be understandable to all. If mountain climbing seems like something you want to try, here's how:
Hire a Guide or Take a Class: A qualified guide will guide you and teach you the skills needed to climb a mountain.
If you want to go without a guide, first sign up for a class (or many) on how to ride ice and glaciers, how to use ice axes and how to protect a climber from a crack. Start hiking with a loaded pack and prepare yourself for mentally long, challenging days.
Get the gear you need: mountaineering shoes, ice ax, cramps and a saddle are just a few of the things you need. You can take some of these or provide them if you are going with the guide service.
Pick a route: Whether you are signing up for a guided climb or choosing a climb to climb with your own climbing crew, it is important to choose a route. Hiking on your own not only thrills the alpine experience but also gives you a sense of deep accomplishment. But, before you attempt your own ascent, you first need to learn the technical skills and how to travel in the mountains.
Although it is possible to learn from an experienced teacher or friend, we recommend that you sign up for classes taught by trained professionals. There are many organizations, schools and clubs that provide this training; Offer a few month-long courses that will teach you what you need to know and culminate. It is possible to combine several small classes for required learning.
Hiking on your own not only thrills the alpine experience but also gives you a sense of deep accomplishment. But, before you attempt your own ascent, you first need to learn the technical skills and how to travel in the mountains. Although it is possible to learn from an experienced teacher or friend, we recommend that you sign up for classes taught by trained professionals. There are many organizations, schools and clubs that provide this training; Offer a few month-long courses that will teach you what you need to know and culminate.

If you are taking the guide service, some gear may be provided or available for rent, so check with them before buying. Depending on what you plan to climb, what you really need to take is different, but here are some personal things you can do:
Mountaineering shoes: A comfortable, sturdy pair of mountaineering shoes is essential for effective travel in the mountains. Mountaineering shoes are harder than backpacking shoes, which can be more helpful when you are running with cramps.
Climbing Harness: The standard rock-climbing harness can be used, but designed specifically for mountaineering is lighter and more comfortable.
Ice axes: A single ice ax designed for general mountaineering requires more time for self-arrest as you slope and slip. More technical lines may require two ice equipment.
Crampson: Steel or aluminum cramps provide traction when you are walking on steep snow or ice.
Aluminum crampons are lightweight, but not as durable as steel, so choose them only if you are sticking from medium to ice without any part of the stone. Make sure there are clips to attach the headlamps.
Consult guidebooks and websites: Books and websites are great resources because you can find all the information you need: difficulty, distance, height, directions, water resources, trail features, and more. Websites can also show recent travel reports, which give you a better idea of ​​what travel plans are like when you plan to leave.
Talk to locals and other climbers: Talking to people who know the area or who are a good way to get mountain trails. Also, try contacting local ranger districts in the area you want to travel to. Rangers have the most up-to-date information about the situation. Know the type of climbing required: ice travel to the path, glacier crossing or rock scrambling? Knowing what kind of climbing is required can help you decide if you have the necessary skills.

You can usually find this information in the guidebook or online route descriptions.
Research Permit: Mountaineering is a popular sport, and as the mountains become more crowded and more areas require user permission to allow traffic and lead to human impacts. Most frequent climbing mountains require some prior planning for permits and registration. Be sure to contact the appropriate agency or land manager before boarding. Find out how long it takes to climb: Some routes can be done in a day, others may take weeks.

Monday, May 25, 2020

What does Facebook-Twitter know about you?

When you use various social networks, surfing sites and apps through the internet, you unknowingly give information about yourself.

Ever wonder what the big digital tech companies know about you?



These companies are aware of your following information:

Facebook:

Name, Gender, Date of Birth, Phone Number, Email Address, Location, Relationship Status (Married, Unmarried), Work, Income, Education, Caste, Religious Perspective, Political Perspective, IP Address, Chat.

Twitter:

Phone number, location, email address, IP address.

Google:

Name, gender, date of birth, phone number, email address, location, job, education, contacts, content searched on Google, content viewed on YouTube.

Microsoft:

Name, Gender, Date of Birth, Phone Number, Email Address, Location, IP Address, Email, Contacts, Phone Call, Chat, Watched Videos.



 What happens in a minute?

What in the world can happen in a minute? With the digitalization of the world, most people are becoming one with the world through the World Wide Web. In this process, we may not know what people around the world do digitally in a minute.

With the digitalization of the world, there has been a huge increase in the use of human digitized content between 2017 and 2018. According to a report published by Word WideWave, in 2017, 900,000 people used Facebook per minute, but in one year, it has increased to 973,000. In 2017, 3.5 million people used Google per minute, but in one year it increased to 3.7.

Similarly, the number of social network Twitter users has increased by 29,000 per minute in the last one year. Twitter, which had 452,000 users in 2017, was used by 481,000 users in one minute in 2018. The number of people using YouTube in one minute has also increased significantly. In 2017, about 4.1 million people opened YouTube in one minute, compared to 4.3 million last year.



According to last year's data, people received about 187 million emails per minute, up from 156 million in 2017.

Misuse of social media, falling into the trap of the law

Have you ever teased or humiliated someone using social media or electronic media? Or have you insulted someone electronically by saying yes? If you do, you may be subject to severe penalties. For the sake of fun, yes, he is my man.
The Information Technology Bill 2075, which was introduced by the government in the federal parliament and has been under discussion since Wednesday, has defined such acts as a punishable offense. The government has presented the bill in the federal parliament with the aim of making electronic media decent, dignified and systematic.

The bill clearly defines the use of social media or electronic systems as a punishable offense for harassing and teasing another person. Some are even prohibited from humiliating, discouraging, insulting, or reprimanding others. In case of such act, the offender will be fined up to Rs. 1 million or five years imprisonment or both depending on the amount of the offense.


Article 85 of the bill, entitled No to Sexual Harassment, states, "No one shall be subjected to any form of sexual harassment or intimidation or intimidation through the electronic system in accordance with the prevailing law."

There is a provision of fine up to Rs. 500,000, imprisonment for five years or both depending on the amount of such offense. No pornographic material will be produced, collected, communicated, distributed, published, displayed, disseminated and even sold through electronic system.

Similarly, the bill has also made strict legal provision on the issue of not being tempted and misusing the system through electronic system. Even if he proposes with the intention of committing sexual exploitation or cheating or any other illegal act, he should be a party to the punishment.
Similarly, the bill has made provision for not doing anything that could disrupt the relationship between Nepal's sovereignty, integrity, nationality or national unity, independence or federal unit through electronic means. A fine of up to Rs 1.5 million or five years imprisonment and both are provided for such offenses.


Personal details cannot be collected without permission

Is no one misusing your personal details in electronic form? If so, doing so would now be considered a punishable offense. The bill has made provision that no one can collect personal details in electronic form except in accordance with the prevailing law.

Those who collect personal details illegally are barred by the bill's information security and privacy provisions. If personal details have to be collected, the person concerned must be informed of the purpose for which the details are required.

If someone illegally takes someone's personal details without giving any information or
The bill provides for a fine of up to Rs 500,000 or imprisonment for up to three years or both for unauthorized use. The proposed bill also prohibits the use, dissemination and exchange of personal details or information for purposes other than those disclosed.


The law includes the provision of collecting details for one purpose and being ready to be punished according to the law if such details are used for other purposes. Provision has been made in the bill to destroy the personal information collected and stored for special purpose within 30 days of the end of the purpose of collecting and storing personal information.
While exchanging, processing and storing the information in electronic form, the processors, savers and service providers should pay special attention to the issue of maintaining confidentiality and integrity. The details prescribed by the government public, financial and health related bodies must be kept safe in accordance with the law. Such information should be kept safe with the guarantee of not leaving the country.

The bill has also included the provision that the government body should not be negligent in using computer and information system indiscriminately. The bill also stipulates that data centers and cloud services cannot be operated without permission. Such centers will have to be renewed every year.


The bill has also given top priority to the issue of cyber security. The Government may designate sensitive infrastructure in the Nepal Gazette by publishing information and communication infrastructure that could seriously affect any national security, economy, emergency services, emergency services, health and public safety.

A Brief Story of Nepali Map

To bring back the entire encroached Nepali territory, Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli asked for a three year long date.

The next three years are the last term of the current Oli government. Date not too long? Three years is 1 thousand 95 days, isn't it? On behalf of the Save the Border Campaign, when we demand the publication of a map of Nepal, we bring back the encroached land. I still vividly remember his rude answer. How difficult would it be to make a scrapbook map public? In the first phase, the current government of Nepal drew the map. The credit goes to Prime Minister Oli.




You were also credited with lifting the blockade by showing strength against India's blockade of Arghelo. Now is the time to take another credit. This time the victory is sure to be completely historic. Such rare opportunities are rarely received by even the fewest personalities in the world. May you be successful this time too. Best wishes. Let us displace the Indian presence in our land as per the Sugauli Treaty.

If implemented?

Nepal makes decisions but does not implement them. It has been eleven years since the declaration of Api-Nampa Conservation Area. That announcement was not made by the Council of Ministers at Singha Durbar or the Prime Minister's residence in Baluwatar. This was done at a special meeting held at Kalapathar in Solukhumbu. As per the jurisprudence of Nepal, such government decisions cannot be validated without being published in the Gazette. If the government had implemented its own law-abiding Api-Nampa Conservation Area, it would not be a hassle today. The area of ​​the Api-Nampa Conservation Area is 1,903 square kilometers.


The height of Api Himal standing in that area is 7,101 meters. The height of Nampa Himal is 6,757 meters while Vyas Himal is 6,670 meters high. These mountains are uniquely attractive for that terrain. The availability of many plants and herbs is another attraction of the place. If the conservation decision had been implemented by the government, it would have been almost ten years. How many wild animals, birds, butterflies and other insects are there? At the same time, the wise people of that region would establish and develop an intermediate zone. Until now, that area could have been a source of income.

Nepal has been wise enough to satisfy half of Kali and Mahakali, but still tries to chase India. Where is this policy from?

Why the army?

Even now, if the government prints a map of the encroached area and sits on its knees again, the current patriotic enthusiasm, enthusiasm, curiosity and activism will be as hot as a straw fire for a while. It is not like a fire of chaff. The Indian government is linking the issue to the armed forces. Isn't it about showing the army? That can be estimated. Defense Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated the road built by India unilaterally.


After our Prime Minister demanded Nepal in the Federal Parliament on border encroachment, the response should have come from the then Prime Minister Narendra Modi. But the Indian government pushed its army chief Manoj Mukunda Narwane forward. I started to say from his mouth. It was claimed that the Pithoragarh-Lipulek road was built on Indian soil. Unsatisfied with this, the Indian Army Chief even said that Nepal opposed the construction of the road at the behest of someone. When Indian Prime Minister Modi himself was dissatisfied with the statement of Nepal's Prime Minister Oli, his equivalence would have remained the same. That response was justified. Here the army chief was put forward.

What about this century?

Has India shown bigotry by being small in Nepal's territory and small in population? Is the hangover of British colonialism over yet? Nepal has ratified the Sugauli Treaty. The issue of greater Nepal has not been raised. Fort Kangda, Sutlej Nalapani has not been claimed. Nepal says it will not turn a blind eye to Article 5 of the Sugauli Treaty. Nepal then belongs to the whole of Kali Nepal. But Nepal has been wise enough to satisfy half of Kali and Mahakali, but still tries to chase India. Where is this policy from? Coming, living in the land of Nepal, not writing the name of Kali river. Don't consider a small hollow as the definition of hydrology. To mess with the map alone.


Due to the absence of administrative and security organs of Nepal, the Government of India has taken exemption from setting up paramilitary, military, police camps, constructing structures of permanent type and temperament and doing everything as on its own redistributed land. All these must be taken into account. The civilian government of India is trying to show the robe of military rule by pushing the army in the Limpiadhura area, not trying to intimidate, it is trying to push which is inappropriate.

Oli was also credited with lifting the blockade by showing strength against India's blockade of Arghelo. Now is the time to take another credit. This time the victory is sure to be completely historic.


A concrete thing became public last Wednesday at Singha Durbar. Minister for Land Management, Poverty Alleviation and Cooperatives Padmakumari Aryal confirmed the addition of 310 square kilometers of encroached land by making public the political and administrative map of the far western region including Limpiyadhura, which was included in the Sugauli Treaty. The first phase of the movement to save the border was completed by making the map public. The mistake of missing that much area in the map that Nepal first published in 2032 BS was completed or established on Wednesday. In the year 2032, the Department of Survey of Nepal asked the upper body that it was a dilemma.


Draw a map with Limpiyadhura or without Limpiyadhura? From Uta came the instruction to make a map without Limpiyadhura now. After that, a map without a limp was drawn. Why didn't the dilemma come out? Even then, printing was done in India. Chuchche maps including Limpiyadhura were printed on maps printed in India. B.Sc. in Lipulec. In 2019, the Indian Army had fled the war with China. V.S. In 2019, a paramilitary group guarding the Tibetan border began to be armed.

Probably hit the bottom right now.

The upper level is the royal palace. Now, what does it mean for the court to print a map without limp? What is the meaning and meaning behind the instruction to make a map without limp? Or was it to save the Indo-Tibetan Border Police camp in Kalapani, India? When the then Foreign Minister Rishikesh Shah made a statement to King Mahendra, the king had issued an order to 'kill now'. Is it true that King Virendra also called Nich Mar? Why weren't 18 Indian military checkposts removed from Kalapani when they were removed from Nepal's northern border? Is it the same here? Otherwise, why a map without a limp? It was / was not customary to keep such incidental details in the court.

It's mysterious. Yes, who will reveal the secret? In fact, there should be an arrangement to keep a complete record of events. What is the meaning of map without limpiyadhura without printing? How did King Virendra also accept this? Did the Indian Indo-Tibetan Border Police instruct not to remove Kalapani? No records. The country was in a dilemma when the map of Limpiyadhuraharita was made public. Why was the map of Limpiyadhuraharahit and Sahita published without controversy? Stakeholders should give an explanation.

Both the kings said only border issue without pronouncing their names.

As soon as the issue of Mahakali comes up, King Mahendra and King Virendra are also suddenly drawn. Very few people are available to understand the nature of these two personalities. Those who understand the court say that the statement of the then Foreign Minister Rishikesh Shah that the order to kill Nich was issued after informing Mahendra that the Indian Army was stationed in Kalapani may not be true. King Mahendra did not have that nature. Instead of listening and not responding.


When he did not respond, he used to interpret the silence in his own way. Talking to a wise man who was in close contact with the king, he said to Tarak Bahadur Shah, "King Mahendra, how long should I obey the order of Rishikesh Shah? It was the father / son's view that India's security situation in Kalapani should be removed through peaceful diplomacy. During meetings and talks with the Prime Minister of India and the Presidents, both the kings used to raise the issue of borders but did not mention the names of the encroached places like Kalapani, Lipulek, Limpiyadhura Susta etc. The king of both generations said that peaceful diplomacy is the only solution.

Why the map?

Now let's go to the year 2032. The issue of Indian encroachment in the Limpiyadhura area will continue to arise from time to time. It is not known where the idea of ​​making a map of one's own country of Nepal came from in 2032 BS. But the mapping is done by the survey department. Counselors may need to draw their own maps. Yes, you have to draw your own map of the country. What a wonderful thing! But the administration had to ask the court. The court has given instructions. To include only the territories agreed upon between the two countries. But it seems that the basic thing that India will cover the part that Nepal has not covered has not been taken into consideration. Nepal has now left its invaluable land and made a map.


The king is called Bhupati. The hartakars of the survey department at that time said that they should not prepare a map covering the disputed land. The court did not understand or could not explain. The Department of Surveying and Mapping published a map without limp, which was a big mistake. Nepal was lagging behind in its own work. After that, sharp differences about the 'map' in Nepal became public. All these became the material of history. For the first time in the world, Nepal has taken its map to the world for the first time by formally making public on Wednesday that the government has finally included the areas left out in its previous map. Thanks for that.