Sunday, June 25, 2023

Ramadan: Festival of Purity and Charity

Ramadan: Festival of Purity and Charity

The Islamic calendar defines Ramadan as the ninth month. Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset throughout the month, which is also known as Roza.

Ramadan does not start on the same day or month every year, because it is the Islamic calendar. The start date of Ramadan may vary by up to 10 days each year in accordance with the Islamic calendar. This year, this Suru festival has started on 10th of Chait and will be completed on 9th or 10th of Baisakh.

How is Ramadan celebrated?

A person fasting during Ramadan does not even drink water from sunrise to sunset. Smoking, drinking and sexual activities are also prohibited during that time. But after sunset, this rule does not apply. After sunset, you can eat after breaking the fast.

There is a tradition of drinking water and dates to break the fast. After that, many dishes are prepared and eaten until sunrise.

During the day, Muslims pray and pray to Allah, wishing for the progress of the society. They can wake up before sunrise, have breakfast and pray and then go about their daily work. After that, one should fast all day and spend time with family after sunset. This routine should be followed for a month.

Ramadan is a holy month, in which the people of the Muslim community do more charity work and help those in need.

Young children, the elderly, pregnant women, the sick, those who are menstruating or people who need special care are also exempted from fasting. It is a tradition that everyone except them should observe this fast.

Even if someone is unable or unable to fast during Ramadan, they can continue the fast even after the month ends.

Why is this festival celebrated?

This month is also to change oneself as a good person by imbibing the values and beliefs of Islam. Many members of the community fast during Ramadan to rid themselves of negative feelings and habits. Apart from this, the purpose of this Ramadan is to purify oneself emotionally and spiritually.

Mythology: Who was Sita?

Mythology: Who was Sita?

Sita is an interesting character of mythological texts. Sita, the daughter of King Janak of Mithila, was married to King Rama of Ayodhya. This is the story of Treta Yuga. Eastern philosophy mentions Sita as an 'ideal woman'.

The meaning of Sita in the dictionary is a line made on the ground by the ploughshare, the ploughshare on the ground when plowing. According to the popular story, when Rajarishi Janak plowed to prepare the Yajna land, Sita appeared from that land.

However, there is no uniformity in the mythological texts about the birth of Sita. The birth of Sita is mentioned in Puranas such as Valmiki's Ramayana, Anandaramayana, Adhyayaramayana, Adhyatramayana, Kambaramayana, Devi Bhagavata etc. The Padma Purana and Bhavishi Purana describe in detail how Sita was born.

The most popular story about the birth of Sita is Valmiki's Ramayana. Maharishi Valmiki has written in Ramayana, "There was a severe drought in Mithila state. Then the sages asked King Janaka to organize a yagna to bring rain to Mithila. After the grand yagna, King Janak himself went to plow the field.

While plowing the field, the blade of the plow got stuck on something hard. King Janak could not take out the plow from there. Then they started digging in that place. While digging like this, an urn was found inside the ground.

Lifting the urn, a beautiful girl was seen playing. King Janaka took that girl out of the Kalash and brought it with him. And started raising them by adopting them. It is said that before that no child was born from King Janak and his wife Sunaina. That is why the royal couple brought up Sita as their child. Based on this statement, Sita is called Bhumiputri.

The wonderful story of Ramayana

Another story related to Goddess Sita is mentioned in the wonderful Ramayana. In the story, she is said to be the daughter of Lankapati Ravana and Mandodari. This story is similar to Ramayana.

The story is expanded in this way. A sage named Gritsamad chanted every day to get Goddess Lakshmi as his daughter and used to put drops of milk in an urn with the front part of Kush.

One day when the sage was not in the ashram, Ravana came there. He killed all the sages there and filled the urn with their blood. He took that urn and hid it in his palace so that no one could see it.

By chance, Ravana's wife Mandodari saw that kalash. She was curious to see what the urn was. One day when Ravana was not in the palace, she opened the urn and looked at it. Mandodari started drinking all the blood inside the urn. As a result, she became pregnant.

So that no one would know this difference, she hid her daughter in an urn and went far away from Lanka, and left her in Mithila and returned. That is why Sita is said to be Ravana's daughter.

Cause of Ravana's death

The third story of Goddess Sita is related to a Brahmin girl named Vedavati. Which is mentioned in Brahmavaivarta Purana. In this story it is said that once upon a time Vedavati was doing penance to get Lord Vishnu as her husband. At the same time, Ravana was visiting the Himalayas. His eyes fell on Vedavati and Ravana grabbed the hand of Vedavati, who was doing penance, and tried to force intercourse.

But Vedavati saved herself from Ravana and killed herself by jumping from the mountain into the ditch. When she died like that, she cursed Ravana, 'I will take reincarnation and come to Lanka and destroy you and your family.'

What is found in fish?

What is found in fish?

Fish dishes are delicious, quick to cook, easy to cook and easy to digest. Nutrient elements are also found in sufficient quantity in fish. Fish is a particularly good source of omega-3 fatty acids. It is beneficial for physical, mental and heart health.

Fish is low in fat, high in protein and rich in some nutrients. It also contains vitamins, minerals and other nutrients.

Benefits of eating fish

Fish is beneficial for heart patients. If they include fish in their food, it will be very beneficial. The omega-3 fatty acids found in fish strengthen the heart and muscles and help control the amount of cholesterol in the body.

Eating fish dishes helps to control stress, depression, reduce eye and skin problems that occur after aging. If a pregnant woman consumes fish regularly, it will also benefit the growth of the baby in the womb. Fish also helps children's brain development.

How do you get nutrients from fish?

Various fish dishes can be prepared. For example, many dishes like soup, curry, biryani, fry, grill, boil, steam, fish tikka, fish pasta, shrimp pizza, fish chili, fish chowmein, fish sizzler can be made from fish.

Even if you eat it by adding it, making jhol and gravy dishes, the nutrients in the fish will not be destroyed. Even if you cannot eat it daily, eating fish twice a week is beneficial for your health.

Species of fish found in Nepal?

According to fish traders, about 75 types of fish are available in the market in Nepal. But not all these types of fish are available in all shops. There are usually seven to eight types of fish in the shop such as Naini, Sahar, Asla, Bachafish, Bhatura, Raun, Bhura, Buhari Shrimp and others. In this too, the fish vendors say that most of the customers like Raun, Bhura and Buhari fish. In which Buhari fish has less spines while all others have spines. Traders say that the demand for shrimp is increasing recently. However, hairy fish is a perennial favorite.

They say that although fish is all delicious, it also depends on the way it is cooked. Also, some people like to eat boneless meat with gravy, while others like to fry raw fish in oil.

What kind of food to eat in the rainy season?

What kind of food to eat in the rainy season?

During the rainy season, the disease is more severe than before. Due to hot heat, there are many problems of sweating, dehydration, sore throat, laziness, laziness. Diseases like whooping cough, diarrhoea, typhoid and flu are more common in rainy season.

Therefore, special attention should be paid to food during this season. Eat fresh food as much as possible, it is best to stay away from stale food. Emphasis should be placed on foods rich in protein, vitamins, and minerals to increase immunity.


It is good to eat cauliflower, banta, banana, golvenda, green vegetables, bodi, parsley, Parsley sprouts during rainy season. These vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals. Spicy foods should be reduced during this season. Eating too much spices can increase body temperature and blood circulation.

Similarly, it is better to eat less salt in this season. Eating too much salt will dry up the body's water, so its intake should be reduced. When cooking vegetables, it is beneficial to wash them thoroughly and eat them shortly after they are cooked.

Be careful while buying vegetables. Buying fresh vegetables as much as possible will not destroy the minerals in them. Which also increases the body's fitness and ability to fight disease.


Fruits should be eaten in a balanced way during rainy season. Seasonal fruits like mango, apple, pomegranate, mango, pear are best to eat in this season. When eating fruits, they should be eaten only after washing them well. You can also make fruit juice and eat it, but don't eat too much. Drinking too much fruit juice can cause diarrhea.

High protein

It is equally important to complete the amount of protein in the body during rainy season. Therefore, you should eat plenty of foods like milk, curd, legumes, mushrooms, and meat. These foods keep the body healthy and increase its ability to fight disease. It is beneficial for health to eat all foods except milk and curd by frying and not by making jhol or gravy.

Fiber-rich foods

Fiber is also necessary for digesting high protein foods. For that, you can eat lettuce, avocado, apple, kafal, banana, orange, almond, walnut, pesta, babri, sauf, Rajma, soybean, dal. Foods rich in fiber keep the stomach clean and also get rid of rectal problems

Ghee, cheese, butter, which provide good fat, can be eaten in the rainy season in a balanced manner.

the water

As the rainy season is also the time of summer, you should drink plenty of water. At this time, if you don't want to drink only plain water, you can also mix it with living water. Do not drink water as cold as possible because there is a risk of sewage bursting, water pipe bursting and the sewage water mixing with it. Which directly affects the drinking water. Therefore, water should be boiled and filtered, filtered and drunk only. It is better to carry water in a bag when going out.

Don't eat flour?

Don't eat flour?

"Maida is a weak poison." This idea is prevalent everywhere. Maida is listed as a 'unhealthy' food with no nutritional value. On the contrary, the portion of flour is more in the food that we consume every day. Bread, Chowmein, M:M to Biscuits, Noodles, Cookies are all flour based dishes.

Is flour really inedible?

Nutritionist Anushree Acharya refutes this question. She says, 'This is a big illusion. If flour was not to be eaten, it would not be allowed to be brought to the market as inedible.''

Edible flour

Food Research Officer Ujjwal Rayamazhi says maida is not "inedible". "Flour is edible," he says, "but it is less nutritious because the bran is removed during processing."

Generally flour and atta are made from wheat. During the preparation of maida, the entire husk of wheat is removed and ground twice. Bleaching is also done to make it white and soft. Such flour is said to be comparatively less nutritious.

Acharya, a nutritionist, says that flour is made at home in the traditional way. He says that no harmful chemicals are mixed in the flour prepared in this way, so it can be eaten safely.

Nutritionist Acharya says, "It is not a myth that flour should not be eaten, but based on the merits and demerits of any food, it is determined how much to eat, who eats it, and how to eat it." Accordingly, you should eat in a healthy manner.

She says that she eats flour dry roti, pani roti, boiled m:m, noodles. But food prepared by mixing the same flour with other ingredients and frying it in oil can be harmful. Like, samosa, chowmin, jerry, biscuit, noodle.

There is also a widespread understanding that flour or flour-based foods harm the stomach and liver. Stomach and liver specialist Dr. When we asked this question to the Relict Bhandari, his answer was, "If someone has gluten celiac disease, they should not eat maida." Apart from that situation, others will not do much harm if they eat maida.

There is a different argument from the popular opinion about Maida, Dr. Bhandari's "It is wrong to say that eating maida causes gastric or stomach related diseases," said Dr. Bhandari says, 'How and how much maida is eaten is important.'

What harm does flour do?

If you search for the harm of maida, you will find many such materials on the internet, which explain that maida is 'not to be eaten'.

As mentioned there, the amount of nutrients and fiber in maida is zero. Due to the lack of fiber in maida, it causes digestive problems. Eating flour or flour-based dishes is said to cause damage to the intestines, constipation, indigestion and acidity.

Similarly, because the amount of glycemic element is high in maida, it increases the amount of sugar in the blood. Due to the high amount of starch in maida, it is said to increase bad cholesterol.

Maida should be mixed and eaten

Although it is true that maida does not contain fiber, it is an edible food, says Acharya, a nutritionist. "It is wrong to say that the amount of fiber in maida is zero, it causes problems in the intestines and increases obesity," she says.

She says that how, how much and who eats flour is more important than whether to eat it or not. "Maida should be eaten in the right amount, in the right way," she says, "there is no harm in eating it this way."

Dr. Stomach and Liver of Baneshwar Civil Hospital. According to Vidhanidhi Paudel, mixing flour with other fibrous or nutritious foods does not harm the stomach.

7 foods that increase good cholesterol in the body

7 foods that increase good cholesterol in the body

A fat-like substance produced by the liver in the body is called cholesterol. Cholesterol is necessary for vitamin D, digestion and the production of many hormones such as estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, cortisol and aldosterone. The amount of cholesterol in the body should be appropriate for various physical activities. Having cholesterol in the body is not dangerous, but increasing bad cholesterol is bad.

Cholesterol is mainly of two types 'HDL' and 'LDL'. High-density lipoprotein or 'HDL' is considered good cholesterol. It is believed to help remove blockages in our arteries and helps flush out bad cholesterol. Another is low-density lipoprotein or 'LDL', the bad cholesterol, which clogs arteries and increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

Bad cholesterol increases the risk of heart disease, while good cholesterol indirectly protects against the risk of diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease.

Why does bad cholesterol increase?

Due to hereditary reasons, unhealthy lifestyle, excessive consumption of processed foods and people with heart disease, obesity, cholesterol can be a problem. A study by the US government agency CDC "Center for Disease Control and Prevention" said that to reduce bad cholesterol, you need to change your diet and lifestyle.

Bad cholesterol is raised by trans fats, which are high in packaged foods. Saturated fat from various animal meats, fried and processed foods etc. increases bad cholesterol. Processed foods, foods high in carbohydrates and snacks eaten while drinking alcohol also increase bad cholesterol.

Foods that increase good cholesterol

Just as diet is responsible for increasing bad cholesterol in the body, food also plays a role in increasing good cholesterol. If the bad cholesterol is reduced, the good cholesterol will automatically increase in our body. Also, good cholesterol can be increased by eating certain foods.

Mainly 6 foods are beneficial to increase good cholesterol. Nuts, almonds, walnuts, almonds, fish, avocados, olive oil and oats help increase good cholesterol.

Wednesday, June 14, 2023

This is how face yoga can be done to brighten the face

This is how face yoga can be done to brighten the face

People are taking various measures to look beautiful and attractive. They resort to different types of creams, treatments and many other measures. Although all these will bring shine to the face, it cannot reduce the effects of aging on the face.

In such a situation, exercise for the face can prove to be very useful. For this you can do 'face yoga'. Just as yoga is important for health, it is equally beneficial for the face. How to do 'face yoga' to make your face attractive, what are its benefits? let's know

What is face yoga?

Face yoga is the exercise of facial muscles. It can make facial muscles flexible, improve blood circulation, relax, nourish and reduce the effects of aging on the skin.

What kind of yoga?

Lion pose

Throne yoga is done as a lion opens its mouth while roaring. It strengthens the mouth muscles. The lion pose tightens all the muscles of the face, improves blood circulation and also brings glow. This is one of the best yoga for face.


- First of all, lay a mat on the floor. This method can also be done sitting in bed.

-Sitting in Sukhasana and touching the mat with your hands. Extend the fingers of both hands near the knees. In this case, the elbow should be straight.

- Open your mouth well, stick your tongue out, spread your tongue out and roar like a lion so that the pressure on the facial muscles is reached.

-Repeat twice or four times every day in the morning.


It is important to start your routine by gently tapping the entire face and neck with your fingertips, i.e. by applying quick pressure to the face with your fingertips. This awakens the skin, increases blood circulation and produces elastin and collagen. makes


- Apply pressure by tapping on your forehead with the tips of your fingers, start tapping from the middle of the forehead and move towards the forehead.

-Starting from the chin and going through the base of the nose, tap the tap on your cheeks.

- Keep tapping your cheeks in an upward motion from the chin bone to the cheek bone.

-Tap above the upper lip for about three seconds, then tap tap below the lower lip for a few seconds.

Happy Frog

When a frog croaks like it is happy, it is called 'Happy Frog'. Face volume decreases with age. This pose tightens sagging cheeks and makes them look fuller.

In this mudra, the lower lip and the upper lip are joined together to make a smile. Repeat this exercise 20 times.

Kisses and smiles

In this practice, the lips are made to smile for a while and kiss for a while. It does not cause wrinkles on the cheeks.


- Take it near the lips with the thieving finger and middle finger.

- Then close the mouth and make a shape as if kissing and give a smile.

- Sit in the kissing posture for 10 seconds and then keep smiling for 10 seconds.

-Then come to rest position.

fish face

This mudra brightens the face and makes the lips look pink. Helps to improve muscle function.


- Close your eyes first.

-Pull your lips and cheeks inward to give a fish-like shape and hold for 30 seconds.

-Then smile for 30 seconds.

- Do this yoga three to five times a day.

Chin lift

Many people are suffering from the problem of double chin. Double chin makes laughing and speaking difficult. Chin lift yoga is the solution to this problem. In addition, it also works to improve the functioning of the jaw and neck muscles.


-Lift your head and look at the ceiling.

- Push forward as if trying to kiss the ceiling while trying to reach your lips. Continue this for a few seconds.

- Slowly return to your previous position.

-Repeat this facial yoga process three to four times.

Mouthwash technique

Mouthwash Technique Yoga is very easy and can be done at any time. The mouthwash method helps to tone the cheeks and remove excess fat from the face. This yoga is also effective in the problem of double chin.


- When rinsing your mouth with water, fill your cheeks with air in your mouth as if you were filling your mouth with water.

-When tired, rest for a while.

- Repeat this process two-three times.

Eye focus

This eye yoga helps to make the eyebrows beautiful and attractive.


- Spread your eyes as wide as possible. Do not squint your eyes while doing this.

- Now pay attention to see things as far away as possible.

-Slowly pay attention to nearby things.

-Repeat this process for a few seconds, rest for a few seconds.

Why is meat digested slowly?

Why is meat digested slowly?

Who doesn't love meat-based dishes? There are many people who consider weddings, parties and feasts as incomplete without meat dishes. Meat is also a nutritious food, but it takes a long time to digest.

Meat contains elements such as fat, protein, minerals and minerals. Since meat contains a lot of protein, it remains in the stomach for a long time after eating. Because it takes more time to digest protein food than carbohydrate food. To put it simply, it does not take time to digest meat, it takes time to digest fat.

Carbohydrates and fiber-rich food are digested within a few hours, while fat in meat is digested only after bile is released from the liver into the small intestine.

There are also different types of meat. The meat is tender, tough, with lots of bones and lots of fat. It is easier to digest the meat of khasi, goat or sheep, while hard, fibrous, red meat takes a long time to digest.

Khasi and venison are classified as red meat, while chicken and fish are classified as white meat. Rabbit meat is cooked the fastest. Because it is very soft. Besides, chicken meat and fish are easy to digest.

How to cook meat

Meat can be made and eaten in many ways. It can be eaten by boiling, grating, using, frying, making jhol, making gravy. Generally, it is customary to eat a lot of meat by burning, grilling and frying it. But eating more than this is beneficial for health. It is also easy to digest. Because the fat in the cooked meat melts and the spices including oil are reduced, it is physically beneficial. The meat may not be cooked well if eaten after frying. Burnt meat is hard to chew if the inside is not cooked properly. Due to which, when a large piece of meat is in the stomach, it is slow to digest. It is easier to digest if you make small pieces of meat and cook them like soup.

Chewing process

How meat or other food is chewed makes a difference in the digestive process. If you eat meat and chew it in your mouth for a long time, it is easier to digest it, but if you do not chew it well, it will take time to digest it.

If the time is not favorable

In Nepali society, it is customary to eat 'heavy' food like meat in the evening, which is wrong. Eating meat in the evening takes a long time to digest because there is no physical activity. Therefore, it is better to eat meat in the morning or in the afternoon for better digestion. If you sleep three hours after eating dinner, it will be easier to digest.

Digestive capacity

How long it takes to digest meat also depends on a person's digestive capacity. Compared to people with strong digestion, it is difficult for those with weak digestion to digest meat. In general, children and elderly people have weak digestion, so it is better for them to eat less meat.

In general, meat is suitable for children and the elderly as their digestion process is weak, so they should consume less meat dishes. If you eat too much, it can cause constipation, stomach upset and even problems in the anus.

Illness also plays a role in poor digestion. People with chronic diseases, stomach, intestines, cholesterol have weak digestive capacity compared to others. They may find it very difficult to digest meat. Therefore, it is better for sick people to eat meat dishes in a balanced way.

How much meat to eat?

In Nepali society, meat is not eaten in a balanced way. The habit of not eating for a long time and eating too much at once brings problems. Therefore, a normal person should eat 100 grams of meat in a day.

Saturday, June 3, 2023

Do artificial teeth work like real ones?

 Do artificial teeth work like real ones?

  Dental problems are bothering many people now. Before reaching age, problems such as tooth wear, weakness, worm infestation, breakage, and grinding appear in the teeth. After natural teeth come out, problems arise for life.

Can the tattoo be removed completely?

Can the tattoo be removed completely?

The practice of carving tattoos on various parts of the body was not only present in Nepal but also since before. Especially Newar, Tharu and other communities have a tradition of tattooing. But recently tattoo is growing as a fashion. There is a craze for tattoos in today's youth.

Why does chayapoto come on the face?

Why does chayapoto come on the face?

Who doesn't love clean, glowing and blemish-free skin? But sometimes due to skin diseases and sometimes due to our own carelessness, facial skin problems occur.

Benefits of cucumbers, when is it better to eat them?

 Benefits of cucumbers, when is it better to eat them?

The pleasure of eating cucumbers in hot summer is different. Cucumber, which is mostly eaten as a salad, keeps the body hydrated and also enhances the beauty of the skin. Cucumber does not have any disadvantages, it has advantages.

Colostrum is edible how much?

Colostrum is edible how much?

"People who drink cow's milk every day are strong." We all grew up hearing this saying from the mouths of elders. Many of us have a habit of drinking a glass of milk in the morning and before going to bed at night.

The versatility of Timur

 The versatility of Timur

Its mainly used part is the fruit. Timur pickles are very popular in Nepal. In China, it is called Hua Chiao, and Timur is widely used in popular dishes such as Thuppa and Hotpot. If the production of cloves is low in India, Timur is used as a supplement in toothpaste. Due to its high content of linalool, it is effective in the treatment of wounds, pain, swelling, swelling and allergies. Its fruit is also useful in carminative, toothache, stomach ache, cold, urinary problems. It is used in tea because it absorbs cold towards the mountains. There is also a tradition of carrying Timur to eat hot jhol when going to the mountains. Raw timur found in the forest or in the field should not be eaten. The volatile oil in it causes swelling. If it is eaten by leaning somewhere, you should chew mud, orange or Chotra bud. Do not drink water when you have a fever.

Cultivation of plant production and planting of seedlings

Transmission of Timur can be done in two ways. From seeds and stem cuttings. The easiest way is from seeds. Since the stem has thorns, cutting becomes more difficult and the success rate is not high. 20 to 70 percent results have been obtained from seeds. If the seeds are plucked in the bud or if the planting method is not suitable, it will grow very little.

After the Department of Plantation expanded its organization to seven districts and established offices and started imparting technical knowledge on farming techniques, the commercial cultivation of Timur, which is collected and sold from the wild, especially in Salyan and surrounding districts, has started. has done For plant production and cultivation techniques, climate and soil, collection and storage methods, contact can be made with the Department of Botany Thapathali, Salyan of the Department of Botany (as Timur is a special research) and other research centers and various forest offices in the district.

Product market and potential

Timur market is good. Currently, its market price ranges from 500 to 800 rupees per kg. Graded Timur is sold for between 1000 and 1500 rupees per kg. There is also a record that it was sold for more than three thousand rupees if it was certified organic. Even at the current market price, after five years of starting cultivation, the income can be up to 4-5 lakh rupees per hectare per year. Income may increase after 10 years. Since the first five years will be earning work, you can also get income from plants by keeping a nursery together. During the lockdown, the market was a bit slow, but now it is climbing again. A mature plant produces four kg of timur per head. It is also found that fruits up to 8-10 kg can be found in older trees. One person can pick up to four kg of timur in a day.

Problems encountered in Timur cultivation

Currently, the problem in Timur cultivation is the high cost of picking Timur due to thorns, the fruit drop in the bud and the effect of leafhoppers and leaf/fruit sucking insects on the plant, Fusarium wilts have been seen on the fruit and leaves. For both diseases, using organic pesticides and if it is not found, the medicine named Imidacloprid for the scaly/sucking insects and the medicine containing chlorothalonil for the caterpillars works. Farmers have also reported the problem of flowering and fruiting again without the season. The reality is seen in the field where fruits are damaged by hail.

Therefore, apart from the subsidy based on the production, it seems to be in the interest of the common farmers to implement the crop insurance program of Timur prepared by the Department of Plantation as soon as possible. From East to West Nepal, there is no doubt that Timur will become a future pension because it can be cultivated even up to a height of 1,000 to 2,500 meters in the fields that do not need much care and are abandoned, and the land next to the forest.