Saturday, June 3, 2023

The versatility of Timur

 The versatility of Timur

Its mainly used part is the fruit. Timur pickles are very popular in Nepal. In China, it is called Hua Chiao, and Timur is widely used in popular dishes such as Thuppa and Hotpot. If the production of cloves is low in India, Timur is used as a supplement in toothpaste. Due to its high content of linalool, it is effective in the treatment of wounds, pain, swelling, swelling and allergies. Its fruit is also useful in carminative, toothache, stomach ache, cold, urinary problems. It is used in tea because it absorbs cold towards the mountains. There is also a tradition of carrying Timur to eat hot jhol when going to the mountains. Raw timur found in the forest or in the field should not be eaten. The volatile oil in it causes swelling. If it is eaten by leaning somewhere, you should chew mud, orange or Chotra bud. Do not drink water when you have a fever.

Cultivation of plant production and planting of seedlings

Transmission of Timur can be done in two ways. From seeds and stem cuttings. The easiest way is from seeds. Since the stem has thorns, cutting becomes more difficult and the success rate is not high. 20 to 70 percent results have been obtained from seeds. If the seeds are plucked in the bud or if the planting method is not suitable, it will grow very little.

After the Department of Plantation expanded its organization to seven districts and established offices and started imparting technical knowledge on farming techniques, the commercial cultivation of Timur, which is collected and sold from the wild, especially in Salyan and surrounding districts, has started. has done For plant production and cultivation techniques, climate and soil, collection and storage methods, contact can be made with the Department of Botany Thapathali, Salyan of the Department of Botany (as Timur is a special research) and other research centers and various forest offices in the district.

Product market and potential

Timur market is good. Currently, its market price ranges from 500 to 800 rupees per kg. Graded Timur is sold for between 1000 and 1500 rupees per kg. There is also a record that it was sold for more than three thousand rupees if it was certified organic. Even at the current market price, after five years of starting cultivation, the income can be up to 4-5 lakh rupees per hectare per year. Income may increase after 10 years. Since the first five years will be earning work, you can also get income from plants by keeping a nursery together. During the lockdown, the market was a bit slow, but now it is climbing again. A mature plant produces four kg of timur per head. It is also found that fruits up to 8-10 kg can be found in older trees. One person can pick up to four kg of timur in a day.

Problems encountered in Timur cultivation

Currently, the problem in Timur cultivation is the high cost of picking Timur due to thorns, the fruit drop in the bud and the effect of leafhoppers and leaf/fruit sucking insects on the plant, Fusarium wilts have been seen on the fruit and leaves. For both diseases, using organic pesticides and if it is not found, the medicine named Imidacloprid for the scaly/sucking insects and the medicine containing chlorothalonil for the caterpillars works. Farmers have also reported the problem of flowering and fruiting again without the season. The reality is seen in the field where fruits are damaged by hail.

Therefore, apart from the subsidy based on the production, it seems to be in the interest of the common farmers to implement the crop insurance program of Timur prepared by the Department of Plantation as soon as possible. From East to West Nepal, there is no doubt that Timur will become a future pension because it can be cultivated even up to a height of 1,000 to 2,500 meters in the fields that do not need much care and are abandoned, and the land next to the forest.

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