Wednesday, July 10, 2024

4 causes and prevention of dry throat or mouth in diabetes

 4 causes and prevention of dry throat or mouth in diabetes


If a person feels dryness in the throat or mouth during diabetes, there may be many reasons behind it. Know about its protection...



When the amount of sugar in the blood starts to increase, that condition is called diabetes. There are mainly two types of diabetes – type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the production of insulin in the body is less than required. While patients suffering from type 2 diabetes cannot fully use insulin. In this condition, insulin is produced but it does not work well. When the level of glucose in the body starts to increase, the body feels extremely tired. Apart from this, the symptoms include weight gain or loss, vomiting, dry mouth, itchy skin, excessive urination, excessive appetite, excessive thirst, rapid healing of wounds, and lack of water in the body. etc. Today we are talking about dry mouth and throat. When a person urinates in excess, he feels thirsty again and again, so the body begins to lack water and he feels dry throat or mouth. Today we will tell you through this article what are the reasons behind dry mouth or throat in diabetes. You will also know the solution. Read more...


Dry mouth or throat in diabetes

1 - Due to diabetes medication

Diabetic patients are sometimes advised to take such medicines, which keep diabetes under control, but their side effects include dry throat or dry mouth.


2 - Due to the condition of the kidneys

Diabetes weakens the body as it ages. In this case, high blood sugar can also cause kidney problems and dry mouth or dry throat can be seen as symptoms.


3 - Due to lack of water

As we have told earlier that a person urinates frequently due to which the person's body may lack water. Thirst also increases in this condition. In this way, he always feels dry mouth or dry throat.


4 - Caused by hyperglycemia

When the blood sugar level increases too much, the condition is called hyperglycemia. As its symptoms, both the throat and the mouth of the person start to dry.


Along with dry mouth and dry throat, some other symptoms such as pain in the mouth, dry tongue, difficulty in eating, difficulty in speaking, difficulty in chewing, blurred vision etc. can be seen in the body of the person.


Prevention of dryness of throat and mouth

If a person's dry throat or dry mouth is caused by any medicine, tell the doctor immediately.

Do not consume excessively spicy or salty food.

Consume water slowly during the day.

If you feel difficulty in swallowing food, drink water during meals.

Do not consume tobacco or alcohol.

Do not consume caffeinated beverages.

Chew sugar-free candy to stimulate saliva production.


Note - The points mentioned above show that dry throat or dry mouth are common symptoms in diabetic patients. But the following reasons may be behind it. In such a case, timely treatment is necessary and if the problem does not go away even after adopting the above-mentioned prevention, then contact the doctor.



Does your sugar level increase in summer? Learn how to control diabetes in this season

 Does your sugar level increase in summer? Learn how to control diabetes in this season


If you have diabetes then summer season can be a challenging season for you. Learn how you can control your diabetes during this time.



If your insulin level or blood sugar level (Blood Sugar Level) is not controlled properly in the summer season, then diabetes patients are at the highest risk in this season. If your blood sugar is too high then it can be more serious in these summers. Depending on your activities, low blood sugar can also become a concern and not only this, diabetes can damage your sweat glands. Due to which you don't even sweat properly. All this is due to the increase in temperature in the outdoor weather. Rising temperatures can also damage your medications and testing equipment. So you have to keep your medicines safe with you. Before going out in the summer, it is important that you keep your blood sugar under control.


What do experts say?

Our expert Dr. Vinay Bhatt, General Medicine, Columbia Asia Hospital, Ghaziabad says that heat mostly affects your blood sugar level. How much it affects you depends on how hydrated you are, how active you are, and what you eat and drink. If you are sweating profusely then it may be because you are getting dehydrated and your blood glucose level is increasing. Due to this, you can urinate again and again due to which you will get more dehydration and your sugar level can also increase more. Your medicines can also break down on their own due to high temperatures, so keep them in a cool place.


How to control diabetes in summer?

1. Adjust insulin (Adjust Insulin Level)

Be sure to ask your doctor how you can adjust your insulin level before exercising so that it does not increase your sugar and glucose levels. Many doctors will give you these tips that how you can control your blood sugar level in summer.


2. Drink More Water

The main cause of blood sugar increase is dehydration and to avoid this you should drink more water so that your body can stay hydrated.


3. Keep checking the blood sugar level (Check Your Sugar)

The temperature outside in summer can increase or decrease your blood sugar, so it is a good idea to keep checking your sugar level frequently. You can try to control your diabetes only according to your sugar level.


4. Stop Getting Dehydrated

Keep a bottle of water or liquids with you that do not increase your sugar and if you are going out, drink a little water all the time so that you can avoid dehydration in diabetes.


5. Fix blood sugar (Keep Glucagon Kit)

In summer, not only your blood sugar (Blood Sugar) may increase but also decrease. Which in itself is a concern and for this you should always keep your glucose tablets with you.


6. Avoid Sunburn

If you stay in the sun too much, you may get sunburn and it may increase blood sugar, so protect yourself from sunburn.


7. Keep Healthy Snacks With You

If you want to control your sugar then some snacks can also replace your meal.


If you have diabetes, you have to make more efforts to protect yourself and your medicines during the summer season, so avoid going out too much.


Thursday, July 4, 2024

Nutrition during pregnancy: what to eat, what not to eat?

 Nutrition during pregnancy: what to eat, what not to eat?


Pregnancy women experience physical and emotional changes. During these changes, nutrition is the most essential element for the development of the mother and the baby growing in the womb. Because, the nutritious food consumed by the mother during pregnancy determines the physical condition of the baby.



Why is nutrition necessary during pregnancy?


Overall development of the child: From the shape of the child, the development of all the organs is due to the mother's diet. In this case, pregnant women need elements like folic acid, iron, calcium, iodine and omega-3 fatty acids to play a role in the overall development of the child.


These foods help reduce the risk of health problems during pregnancy and after delivery, such as anemia, constipation, high blood pressure and diabetes.


'Even desire can interfere with a healthy diet'


Even though women are aware of the importance of nutrition during pregnancy, hormonal changes can interfere with eating.


Nausea: For some women, early morning vomiting during pregnancy can make it difficult.


In this case, you may not feel like eating food, but you should not stop eating. The amount of food is less than other times but can be eaten frequently. And food should be digestible. Nutrients such as fiber, protein and carbohydrates should be eaten in that food. Which provides energy and helps reduce vomiting.


Wanting to overeat some food and not wanting to look at anything


Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause the mouth to water at the thought of food and headache after seeing a food. In this case, eating too much food that you like to eat and not eating food that contains nutrients can affect the balance of nutritious food.


Mandatory food


One of the reasons for preterm birth in this situation is vitamin D deficiency. To supplement it, you can eat vegetables, fruits, whole grains, almonds, fish and olive oil.


Another is to eat enough omega fatty acids. Babies of women who take omega supplements have better visual and sensory development up to one year old.


Folic acid should be taken not only during pregnancy but also three months before conception. Folic acid is a B vitamin. Which helps to make the baby's DNA and cells.


Green vegetables: Green vegetables, cabbage and broccoli can be beneficial during pregnancy. In this case, raw vegetables can be harmful.


Dairy products: Dairy products including milk, curd, curd and ghee are essential for pregnant women. Which provides protein and calcium for the development of the child during pregnancy.


Fruits: Fresh fruits keep both mother and baby healthy during pregnancy. Apples, melons, pomegranates and other seasonal fruits are beneficial.


Dry fruits: Eating dry fruits during pregnancy is very beneficial. Almonds, walnuts, cashews and other foods are rich in various vitamins, calories, fiber and omega three fatty acids. It is necessary for both mother and child.


Egg: Egg is a nutritious food. Eggs contain high amounts of protein, cholesterol, vitamin D and antioxidants, which are essential for pregnant women.


Whole grains: Pregnant women can include whole grains like oats, brown rice in their diet.


Plenty of water: Drink at least four liters of water a day. Which does not allow the mother to be dehydrated. It keeps the body healthy and removes toxins from the body.


How can vegetarian pregnant women complete their nutrients?


Vegetarian pregnant women can also meet their nutritional needs without eating meat. But iron, vitamin B12 and omega 3 fatty acid they may be relatively low.


It is fulfilled by supplements and some foods.


For protein, you can eat foods such as lentils, tofu, almonds and parsley seeds. Walnuts, flaxseeds, canola oil, avocados are good sources of omega-3 fatty acids. These foods should also be eaten daily.


How much to eat?


Iron: 40 grams


Protein: 65 grams


Calcium: One thousand milligrams


Folic acid: 400 micrograms


Special attention should be paid to certain things during pregnancy.


- In this case, do not take any medicine on the advice of a doctor. In case of any health problem, medicine should be taken only after the doctor's advice and examination.


- Pregnant women are advised to stay away from tea, junk food, chocolate, cigarettes and coffee.


- Alcohol, smoking and caffeinated drinks and foods affect the development of the fetus and increase the risk of miscarriage.


- During pregnancy, it is recommended that the amount of alcohol is zero and the amount of caffeine is 200 milligrams per day.


- Pregnant women should not consume raw fruit. It contains chemicals that harm the fetus.


- Don't eat stale food. Because there are bacteria like salmonella, listeria and e-coli, due to which women can get food poisoning.


Causes and treatment of vaginal cysts

 Causes and treatment of vaginal cysts


You may have heard of growing meat in the uterus. But do you know that flesh can also grow in the vagina?



The problem of growing flesh in the vagina is called 'vaginal cyst' in medical language. If it is identified early, it can be easily treated. But if there is a delay, the situation can become critical.


What is a vaginal cyst?


A lump filled with fluid in or around the vagina is called a 'vaginal cyst'. It can appear small, large and undetectable. Usually, this problem can be seen during pregnancy, childbirth and after menopause.


the reason


There is not only one reason for this problem. It can be caused by injuries, infections and hormonal changes.


Injury: During delivery, the baby may come out due to surgery or injury to the vaginal wall. This problem can be accidental, which cannot be prevented.


Obstruction in the gland: Due to injury or infection, obstruction of Bartholin's gland causing fluid accumulation in the vagina can lead to swelling. Which in medical language is called Bartholian cyst. Comparatively, this cyst is the most visible.


Infections: Bacteria from sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and chlamydia can also infect the vagina or around it. Therefore, condoms must be used while having sex.


Congenital: In some, this cyst can be congenital. The concrete reason why it appears has not been discovered.


Symptoms


Symptoms do not show as soon as the flesh grows in the vagina. Which is barely known during the health examination. In some cases, some symptoms appear.


- Growing lumps of flesh around the vagina


- There may be pain and burning while having sex, walking, sitting, defecating, cleaning with tissue paper and using tampons.


- May have fever.



identification


To identify it, look at the shape first. According to the size, it is decided what kind of examination will be done.


In some cases, a biopsy is also done to identify whether it is cancer.


Similarly, the liquid contained in it is examined to identify whether it is a sexually transmitted infection.


If the congenital 'cyst' has increased, MRI is used to see how far the cyst has spread.


Treatment


If there is a small knot, it can be washed with hot water. If it is due to infection, surgery is done along with the use of some antibiotics.


If the test is suspicious and the size is large, it can be removed by small surgery.


Can it be prevented?


The problem of flesh growing in the vagina cannot be prevented. But if you pay attention to hygiene and have safe physical relations, the risk can be reduced.


Complexity


If the cyst is due to infection. If not treated in time, the infection from the cyst can spread to the blood.


Apart from that, it can spread through the urinary tract, uterus and stomach. Therefore, if you experience any suspicious lumps, lumps like flesh in the vagina, you should immediately see the relevant doctor.


'I got to see and touch my baby only five days after birth'


I was busy shooting when I found out I was pregnant. The work of the film had already started and there was no way to stop it. So I didn't take a break. The baby was growing in the womb. I was in the rush of filming.


Pregnancy is certainly not easy. Only those who experience it know how physically and emotionally relaxed it is at this time. Vomiting, reluctance to eat or feeling bored. It was more difficult for me. I was working non-stop until I was five months pregnant.


I know that at that moment I need enough rest. Body and mind too. From the time you are pregnant, you have to pay attention to your diet, you have to pay attention to your physical fitness. But I didn't get such facility.


It is not possible to arrange everything as you want in the shooting. You don't get the taste you want, you don't get the ease you choose.


I used to vomit most of the time. That's why I didn't want to eat food. Fruit juice and coconut water were cut for five months.


I listened to bhajans to relax my mind


The state of mind of the mother during pregnancy directly affects the unborn child. What does the mother think, how does she think, what is her feeling, what is her state of mind? Accordingly, it also affects the mental development of the child. That is why it is said to be calm, positive and happy at that moment.


Even in the midst of work, I tried to keep myself calm as much as possible. Listening to bhajans and chanting Om was a regular thing in the morning.


However, I think that I am positive. So I didn't feel like I had to do anything extra to bring positive feelings. I stayed away from unnecessary thoughts. I used to do something to keep myself busy. Like listening to songs, listening to bhajans, spending time with dear friends, eating what you want to eat, watching movies.




"The doctor said - surgery may be necessary"


I think any woman wants to have the experience of becoming a mother, no matter how much pain she goes through. I also wanted to experience labor pains. I had also mentally prepared for a normal delivery.


But the doctor said - 'Surgery may be necessary.'


If this happened, many problems occurred during pregnancy. I had to go to the hospital many times and have to be examined. He had to stay in the hospital two or three times. Before giving birth, I was very tired.


The date of delivery was Baisakh. But we could not wait for the appointed time. We were shocked to hear the doctor's suggestion to give birth prematurely due to various complications.


Parents are as happy as their child is born, they are also afraid. Will my child be perfect or perfect? Is his health okay? Many such things will make the heart hurt. Having to give birth before the scheduled time added more worries to us.




Not being able to see and touch your baby


After excruciating pain, I was admitted to Grand City Hospital, Jamal. Dr. According to Bina Basnet's advice, the process of giving birth to a child by surgery proceeded.


I could not see my child


Mother, this is not only a word but also a feeling. The feeling of being a mother cannot be expressed in words. It is something to feel or feel.


Not only humans, animals also raise their children with love. How much affection and touch they bring up. An animal that has been hungry for how many days feeds a child as soon as it gets some food. They protect their children no matter how dangerous they are. what is mother Similar examples also show.


When the child growing in my womb was being born, I forgot myself at that time. All my affection was showered on my child. I was eager to touch that baby. Give love with all your heart.


But everything is not under your control.


When the unborn baby is placed in the NICU


The baby was underweight. So he was kept in the NICU immediately after birth. I could not calm him down. I really wanted to cry. Even then, the mind will be weak. On top of that, having to keep my baby apart without touching her even once made my heart break.


When the baby comes out of the womb, his organs have to spontaneously adjust to the external environment. But in some cases this may not be the case. In some cases, the baby is kept in the NICU for special care.


I was saddened, even that ignorant child could not touch his mother. He did not get his mother's touch and warmth. I was more pained by the child's pain than by myself. How much pain does a mother feel when she has to keep her baby apart after giving birth?

And I looked at the child as if to die


Only after five days I was able to touch my child to the point of death, to see him.


In childbirth, we often see other people. But that situation is not so easy. If we have one delivery girl, there are many others to teach. Some say to do this, some say not to do this. Some say to eat like this, some say not to eat like this. At that time, people's behavior would also make them feel bored.


On the one hand, the wound was not healed because the child was born through surgery. It hurt there. On the other hand, there was a lack of appetite for food. Mood swings were caused by stress, pain and fatigue. During pregnancy I ate normal vegetarian food. I emphasized more on fruits. Other food was not eaten much.




If you are not strong, it will be difficult to take care of the child accordingly. At first, the baby could not be breastfed. Formula milk had to be given. Later, when the body became stronger, I breastfed.


Oxytocin hormone is said to be released in the body when breastfeeding or touching the baby. Because of this hormone, the love between mother and child is stronger. Oxytocin is called the love hormone.


Be a mother and take a look


In fact, the joy that a mother feels when she hugs, kisses, holds her baby, plays in her arms, can hardly be explained. When you keep a piece of your heart on your chest, your feelings melt like this, tears fall from your eyes. You want to cry, you want to laugh, you want to love. That mixed feeling?


As a mother, she bears the pain of her children


Being a mother, sharing the joys of children


I felt that mother is not the same earth. When I became a mother, I missed my mother a lot. I remember at other times too. The feeling after becoming a mother is different.


After suffering so much pain, a mother lives for her children. When the baby cries, it hurts the mother. A mother's heart is happy when a child laughs. Forget yourself and give love to your child. They are able to give up everything for the child. Everything is bearable.