Showing posts with label corona. Show all posts
Showing posts with label corona. Show all posts

Wednesday, December 16, 2020

The study says that people in the 5 gene group have a higher risk of corona

The study says that people in the 5 gene group have a higher risk of corona


The country is now engulfed in a world war of coronavirus. Scientists around the world are testing a vaccine against the virus. While some vaccines have had a positive effect, happiness has spread around the world.


Based on the statistics, the number of virus infections is constantly increasing, but in the meantime, new research on the effects of the coronavirus is also coming out. So far, scientific studies have shown that people of which blood group are at risk for corona? That was searched. Scientists are now conducting scientific research on the gene. According to their study, which genes are most at risk for corona? Has been given more priority.



These 5 types of genes are at higher risk - study


According to researchers at the University of Edinburgh in the United Kingdom, most of the corona infections have been found in people with the genes TYK2, CCR2, OAS1, IFNAR2, and DPP9. The study found that those with severe symptoms were more likely to be at risk.


Not only that, people with these 5 types of genes have a high risk of serious illness or even death.


According to the Daily Mail, 22 percent of the 2,700 people in the five genes mentioned above have died. Of these, 74 percent were patients who could not breathe on their own. When they arrived in critical condition, they were placed on a ventilator.


Coronavirus becomes serious for some groups


Experience of many types of corona infection has also come out in Nepal. Some people get seriously ill because of the corona. But many do not even have the symptoms.


In this research, scientists claim that this study has found that it is serious for people of certain age groups. Not only that, but scientists have also claimed that the discovery of the genes most affected by the corona will also help in making medicine.


Different symptoms of corona in anyone


Most of the time we hear the news that some people have mild symptoms of corona and some have severe symptoms. Some people need a common medicine and some need a ventilator. Some may have an only fever and the symptoms may go away on their own, while others may need to be treated in a hospital.


Use caution


As far as corona vaccine testing is concerned, it may take a long time for it to reach us. That's why doctors say that Corona should not be considered normal. Since the corona crisis is not over, don't stop wearing a mask, take a hot bath, wash your hands, and go to crowded places. Doing so can prevent coronavirus.

Tuesday, October 6, 2020

Fever: may not be the only cause of corona

Fever: may not be the only cause of corona


Our average body temperature is 98.6 degrees. Fever is when the body temperature rises above normal.


Fever is not a disease in itself, but a symptom of any health problem. Fever is also considered to be the main symptom of the coronavirus epidemic.






In some cases, even when the body temperature rises due to the external temperature, many people have to suffer from the fear of corona. But what is fever and how much temperature is considered a fever?


What temperature is called fever?


- Low-grade fever ranges in temperature from about 100 degrees Fahrenheit to 101 degrees Fahrenheit.


- Intermediate level for adults, which is up to 102 degrees. Babies (0-6 months) should be taken to a doctor immediately if they have a high fever.


- High fever is considered to be fever up to 103 degrees. If the temperature rises sharply, that is, a fever of more than 104 degrees, it is called hyperpyrexia.


The status of a low or moderate fever varies. A fever of 104 degrees Fahrenheit or higher is considered dangerous to health.


Types of fever


Fever is divided into 6 types. They are as follows.


1 Persistent fever - If persistent fever persists for more than 24 hours and does not fall below one degree, it is classified. This type of fever is caused by problems such as lobar pneumonia and typhoid.


2 comma fever


In this type of fever, the temperature fluctuates. This type of health problem causes the body temperature to fluctuate throughout the day. During this period the temperature fluctuates more than 2 degrees Celsius.


3 Winter fever


This type of fever causes fever for only a few hours in 24 hours. Then on the second day, there is some fever. This problem is more common in people with diseases such as malaria.


4 Septic fever


A high temperature in which even antipyretics (fever medicine) have no effect. If any fever shows such signs, it is more than a symptom of septic fever.


5. Pell Abstain


During this type of fever, body temperature changes frequently. It can take up to three days for the temperature to rise. It shows high temperatures for three days and low temperatures for another three days.


6. Short-term fever


There is a recurrence of fever. Which can last from a few days to a few weeks. There is an interval between fevers, in which there are no symptoms.


Symptoms


The general symptoms of tides are as follows


- Temperatures above 100.4 Fahrenheit in adult children


- Feeling cold or cutting the body


- Frequent or excessive sweating


- Heart rate is getting faster


- Fainting or dizziness or headache


- Pain in the eyes


- Weakness


- Loss of appetite


- Vomiting etc.


Due to fever


Fever occurs when a part of your brain raises your body temperature above a certain point. When the body temperature rises then the body feels cold. Even if you wear a lot of clothes to avoid the cold, you will tremble. Which causes your body temperature to rise.


A person's body temperature changes throughout the day. As the temperature decreases in the morning, the temperature rises in the afternoon and evening. The reasons for the rise in body temperature are as follows.


- Virus infection


- Bacterial infections


- Feeling very tired due to heat


- A malignant tumor


-Some medications, such as antibiotics or other medications that help treat high blood pressure.


How to avoid


The following measures can be taken to avoid fever.


- Let's get in the habit of washing our hands regularly and let's get the child in the same habit. More specifically before meals


- Teach your child to wash their hands well. The front and back of the hand should be washed thoroughly with soap and water.


- Always keep hand sanitizer with you.


- Avoid touching your nose, mouth, or eyes. This is because viruses and bacteria can enter your body and cause infections.


- Avoid using cups, water bottles, or utensils with your child.

Sunday, September 20, 2020

Corona: Does herd immunity spread every year until it develops?

Corona: Does herd immunity spread every year until it develops?


Many are now wondering, "When will the risk of the coronavirus end?" However, some vaccines are still being tested, but no real breakthrough has been achieved.


When will the coronavirus be the most common disease in the world? No one in the world today can answer that question. Scientists are conducting research and are not sure how long it will take for the coronavirus to be vaccinated. All that has been said about it is speculation.






A group of scientists recently said after research that the current problem of the coronavirus will not be solved until the herd develops immunity. Herd immunity is a public health belief that after 70 percent of the population is infected with corona, the rest develop antibodies on their own. Many scientific studies have concluded that the epidemic will not end until a large population develops antibodies against the coronavirus.


The concept of herd immunity is already emerging. Some countries have even used it. Scientists have also pointed out that the Covina virus-transmitted Covid-19 infection could be caused by seasonal raisins in countries with large differences in temperature.


Dr. Hassan Jarquet of the American University of Beirut in Lebanon says, "Even if the infection here is reduced now, it spreads every year until herd immunity develops." "Now we have to learn to live with the coronavirus. Prevention should be practiced by wearing masks, maintaining physical distance, washing hands, and taking necessary measures to get rid of congestion, ”said Jarrett.


Similarly, Dr. Qatar University in Doha. Hadi Yassin also says that one should learn to live with the coronavirus until the development of herd immunity.


More danger in rising temperatures!


Scientists also say that many communicable diseases, including respiratory viruses, recur regularly. People are especially at risk, especially in areas where the temperature fluctuates sharply. For example, influenza and other types of coronavirus can spread in winter or in cold places. Researchers in this study studied SARS-COVE-2 and found that it already had the property of being viral and spreading. At the same time, the cost factor was needed to keep repeating as a seasonal problem, which is also seen in it.


Crowds in closed spaces are dangerous


Scientists say the virus can stay on the surface for days, as well as in the air for hours. Because of this, people are at higher risk of contracting the virus. The virus can spread very fast due to heavy crowds in closed places. They believe that the virus can attack many times a year, especially during hot weather and in humid places.


The virus will be stopped by natural infection or vaccination


Scientists say that herd immunity develops in two ways. The first after a natural virus attack and the second using a vaccine.


COVID 19 infection spreads faster than the flu, making people more vulnerable than others. As the immune system gradually develops, the virus will begin to develop as a seasonal disease. This is because other types of coronaviruses such as NL63, HKU1, etc. also spread like influenza every year.

Effect of Ayurvedic treatment in Isolation Center

Effect of Ayurvedic treatment in Isolation Center



If you reach the Brahma Muhurat in the morning, the diary of the corona infected people kept at the Ayurveda Research Center in Kirtipur will not only surprise many but may also inspire them not to take the disease seriously. As soon as they wake up in the morning, some of them go to a place where they can do yoga, and those who are interested start enjoying their own kind of dance. Some live as musicians, some as spectators.


Doesn't Corona move from here when you hear it immediately? It may seem that the physical distance is taken into consideration while doing all these activities. Even security guards and nurses assigned to guard the center at a physical distance sometimes participate in such recreational activities.






The isolation of the center, which is kept in the same family environment, has helped the corona infected to recover and return home faster than elsewhere, according to the center officials.


The center has been developed as an isolation center for infecting corona and has been added to the list of centers for better management of isolation. One of the slogans of the center is 'Strength of the patient should be strengthened, not the strength of the disease.' After all, what is the condition of the infected living there and its management?


According to the center, no corona-infected person had to be kept in isolation for more than 10 days until the government decided to keep them in the isolation center for 14 days and send them home without testing. Assistant Medical Specialist of the Center Dr. According to Vikas Raj Ghimire, the center has been able to send people between the ages of 2 and 78 years by releasing corona from isolation.


Chief Training Officer of the Center Dr. According to Nirmal Bhusal, 90 percent of the infected patients have returned home with corona negative within seven days. "Most of the patients return home with a negative corona within seven days," he said. They have returned home in 10 days even though they are late. Due to the patient-friendly environment here, they appear to have been quickly discharged from the corona. '


Bhusal says that not only those who are now in isolation but also those who are in home isolation are constantly seeking advice on Ayurvedic medicine by telephoning. He says, "We have succeeded in dispelling the misconception about Ayurvedic medicine in the society." He said that although Ayurvedic medicine has not been proven to prevent corona, they have succeeded in proving that it helps in boosting the immunity of people.


Regular use of Ayurvedic medicine


No scientific experiment has confirmed the effectiveness of Ayurvedic medicine in the prevention of the coronavirus. But in this isolation center, the use of regular ayurvedic medicine helps to increase the immunity of the infected, he said. It belongs to Bhusal.


According to Bhusal, the infected people at the center were allowed to take various Ayurvedic medicines produced by Singha Durbar Vaidyakhana regularly.


According to the center, medicines made by mixing gurgle and author, marij, people, mica ash powder, jethi honey, ashwagandha, etc. are fed daily. "The charming atmosphere of Kirtipur may have helped the patient to recover faster," says Bhusal. "The external and internal management of the isolation ward was our attempt to prevent the patients from feeling that I was sick."


Yoga and recreation


Another important feature of this isolation center is the means of entertainment. The management of the isolation center encourages every infected person to do regular yoga. According to Bhusal, after waking up in the morning at the center, the infected people have been doing various asanas and yoga to suit themselves. Bhusal said that options like lungo and carom board have been provided for entertainment and dance and instrumental music can be used whenever he likes.


20 infected referred to APF hospital


According to the latest statistics, 20 of the patients have been referred to the Armed Police Force Hospital in Balamb. According to Bhusal, he had to undergo an X-ray as the fever was increasing and he had to be kept in the ICU as it became more complicated. "As the problem of pneumonia is on the rise, it has been referred to the ICU as a problem," he told Online News. "We have so far received 20 referrals due to lack of technology to do X-ray and ICU infection in the ICU."


What is the difference between other isolations and here?


There is a lot of difference in this isolation which is usually kept in the Ayurvedic treatment center than in home isolation. The annoying situation of having to live alone at home does not remain in this isolation. If you have any health problems, you can consult a doctor immediately. The difference between it and other isolation centers is that others try to cure the symptoms using modern medicine but the center will try to cure the disease with the help of Ayurvedic medicine and yoga meditation, he said.

Wednesday, September 16, 2020

Must wear a mask until the vaccine is developed?

Must wear a mask until the vaccine is developed?


The world is now waiting for the corona vaccine. But there have been rumors that the virus should survive until the vaccine is ready. The only way to avoid this disease is to be careful. Corona vaccine testing is currently underway around the world. But since it takes time to complete the testing process, experts have suggested ways to prevent it.


According to experts, the virus is targeting people with weakened immune systems. In this case, if scientists believe that the mask is a method that not only protects against viruses, it also indirectly plays a role in gradually developing immunity in the body.



Why is wearing a mask effective?


According to scientists, the mask does not completely prevent the corona, but it does reduce the risk of infection. Any so-called deadly virus, even if you take simple precautions, is not life-threatening. Many people die when they are not aware of many diseases as normal.


Effective mask in research


According to Monica Gandhi and George Rutherford of the New England Journal of Medicine at the University of California, wearing a mask greatly reduces the risk of the corona. One study also found that the mask filters out saliva containing corona. Similarly, wearing a mask reduces the inoculum in the body of any person. Not only this, but this principle was also used in mice. Even then, this theory has succeeded.


The study found that masked mice were less likely to be infected than other mice. This means that the mask reduces the risk of infection.


According to scientists, wearing a mask makes the virus less likely to enter the body.

Sunday, July 12, 2020

Donate unused computing power to IBM to find a cure for corona and cancer

Donate unused computing power to IBM to find a cure for corona and cancer


Agency. Saver Thompson was 12 years old when he found his father at his home in Washington DC. Saver immediately called an ambulance and his father Brett was taken to hospital.


Her father was diagnosed with brain cancer. After years of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, Brett's cancer subsided. But Sawyer was determined to do something about the fight against cancer. He turned to technology to make a difference in this fight.

Like other child investigators, Sawyer built his own computer at the age of nine. He started a business called Zoya, which worked on machine building for the locals.




His business also gained a lot of fame on the internet. A Google search for "how to help cure cancer" turned up the IBM World Community Grid app. It helped Sawyer make a difference in the fight against cancer at home.

The IBM World Community Grid app uses volunteer computing. That is, it is a form of distributed computing, where people donate resources to a research project that is not used by their computer.

Even if you don't use this app, your computer, phone, or tablet is running virtual experiments in the background. Using a laboratory computer can be a costly test, and it can involve many errors. With this crowdsourcing method, anyone can participate in this kind of important research without money, without time and without expertise.

"I've always wanted to help people with computers," says Sawer. That's great. "

Many people are trapped indoors during the Kovid 19 epidemic. In such a situation, it is not easy to find a way to help voluntarily without physical presence and financial support. But volunteer computing initiatives such as World Community Grid are providing this opportunity.

Last year, Saver launched a website called Help Saver Fight Cancer. Through the website, he was sharing his father's story, urging people to sign up for his app. Meanwhile, she aims to receive a 100-year donation of cancer research processing before her father's birthday in September.

Another team of two users, the Old Champ from the UK and the Little Mermaid from Copenhagen, came to participate in the project. After coordinating with those teams, 80 people from around the world joined his campaign. Which helped him achieve his 100-year goal within a few months.

As soon as Old Champ was diagnosed with his own cancer, 14-year-old Sawer decided to increase his 100-year goal to 1,000 years.

‘I changed my goal not only for my father but for those old champs and many others who unexpectedly joined the journey,’ said Saver, ‘it was unprecedented. At first, I didn't think I could achieve the 100-year goal. But look, today we are on a journey of a thousand years. '


Saver Thompson (right). He donated his unused computing power through IBM's Community Grid app for brain cancer research after his father was diagnosed with brain cancer. Photo: Thompson family
The team's computer has already done about a million calculations. Which are more than 450 years of computing? "Other research donations need money," says Sawer. But it is 100% free and does not require any force. '

Volunteer computing has been in practice since 1990. Educational and research organizations have been conducting such activities. IBM began operating the World Community Grid in 2004 as part of its social responsibility program.

The app currently has 785,000 volunteers. Who can donate their unused computing power to any of the seven projects focused on the health sector?

‘The World Community Grid is a method of crowdsourcing for a major scientific problem. It enlists the help of volunteers to address challenges in the areas of health and environmental research, ”said Juan Hindo, IBM Corporate Social Responsibility Manager and leader of the World Community Grid Team.

The Mapping Cancer Marker Project identifies cancer indicators and studies on how to focus the treatment plan on the individual. Researchers have millions of different tissue samples.

Researchers have found tissue samples from healthy people, from various types of cancer to people who have died and people who are still struggling with the disease.

‘They are collecting extensive data to compare genetic profiles to detect cancer factors,’ says Hindi. Processing these millions of data requires a lot of computing power. This is when volunteers are needed.

‘Instead of inventing supercomputers or raising funds for computing capabilities, researchers have given us millions of calories.


They provide collaborations and we distribute them to our community of volunteers, "she said." Those volunteers are neither scientific nor technical. They don't need any skills or expertise to solve this problem. '

After installing the app on Volunteer's computer or Android device, when the user's device is not in full use, calculations are being made.

‘We operate it in our volunteer community through crowdsourcing. In a short time, researchers can complete it. The volunteers are very happy to be a part of this scientific process. '

If you also want to participate in this World Community Grid, you can do so through IBM's website. All you have to do is enter an email address and create a password.

Then you can choose which active project you want to put your computing power in. Then download the app to your computer or Android device.


Thursday, June 11, 2020

Corona test: What are RDT and PCR?

Two methods of corona testing

The Kovid-19 epidemic has affected millions of people. Effective treatment is being sought, but not yet discovered. The spread of the infection has been rapid in Nepal recently. Complaints are growing in Nepal that the test itself is not effective.

There are two methods of corona testing in Nepal to find out if a person has a corona infection - PCR and RDT.


What is PCR?

PCR (Polymerized Chain Reaction) is a modern technology for detecting the genetic genes of a bacterium. It is being used to find out if there is a coronavirus infection in the body. PCR is used to test the protein by extracting a swab (nasal or throat fluid) sample.

The PCR method quickly copies millions to billions of specific DNA samples. This will help scientists to take the smallest sample of DNA and study it in detail. PCR was invented in 1983 by American biologist Kerry Mullis at Sets Corporation. This is the basic method for genetic testing, including analysis of old DNA samples and the identification of infectious agents. PCR has now become a common and often indispensable technology, used in medical and clinical laboratories in a wide range of research in biomedical medicine and criminal forensics.

Simply put, PCR detects viruses in the body. Therefore, it is considered reliable for coronavirus testing. According to experts, the PCR test is best done within 10 days of the week of infection. After 10 days, the actual results may not come from the PCR test method.

PCR helps to detect any bacterium, not just the corona. Its main function is to detect the gene of the target bacterium. This method has been found to give more than 70 percent correct results.



What is RDT?

RDT (Rapid Diagnostic Test) is a medical diagnostic test, which is quick and easy. It is used for initial or emergency medical examination. Blood is drawn from the body and the test results can be seen in 20 to 25 minutes.

It is being used to detect disease-fighting antibodies in the body. Corona's RDT test is not effective in Nepal, raising questions about its reliability. The WHO also does not consider this method reliable for corona testing. Experts say that it is best to use it only for general surveys.

Different results of RDT and PCR

The results of RDT and PCR in Nepal so far have been very different. Why does this happen? Infectious Diseases Specialist of Shukraraj Tropical and Infectious Diseases Hospital, Dr. According to Sher Bahadur Pun, the results also depend on the time of testing of the infected. He says, ‘RDT only shows up after about 12 days of infection. It does not show if you have just been infected. The PCR shows up when checking. '

He says the type of antibody also varies with the test results. There are two types of antibodies, IGN and IgG. If IGN is seen, it means that there is a new infection. It appears on the PCR ', he explains,' IgG may not show on the PCR. As it appears after about two weeks, it does not appear on the PCR test. '

According to him, the PCR test is positive in the newly infected person and the RDT is negative. However, testing 10 days after infection can show PCR negative and RDT positive.

(With agency support)

Sunday, May 31, 2020

Latest information on Corona-virus

6 million 54 thousand infected worldwide from Corona, 2.562 million more cured (how many in which country)

The global pandemic corona virus (Covid-19) has so far infected 6 million 54 thousand 187 people worldwide. According to Johns Hopkins University, 2.562 million of those infected have recovered.

The most contagious cases have been reported in the United States. As of Sunday morning, 1,769,776 infections had been confirmed in the United States. Similarly, 4 lakh 16 thousand 461 have been cured.

The death toll in the United States is also high. So far, 133,758 people have lost their lives in the United States. Similarly, 500,000 people have been found infected in Brazil. So far, 4,98,440 infected people have been found in Brazil. Of them, 2 lakh 892 have recovered and 28 thousand 834 have died.

After Brazil, Russia has seen many infections. So far, 396,575 people have been found infected in Russia. Of those infected, 4,555 have died and 1,67,469 have been cured. A recent decline in infection rates has so far confirmed 274,219 cases of the virus in the UK. Of them, 1,173 have recovered and 38,458 have lost their lives. Corona, which has been rampant since late December, has so far affected 188 countries. So far, 368,711 lives have been lost in these countries.

Figures for the ten most infected countries

America
Infected: 17,69,776
Deaths: 1,03,758
Healing: 4,16,461

Brazil
Infected: 4,98,440
Deaths: 28,834
Healing: 2,00,892

Russia
Infected: 3,96,575
Deaths: 4,555
Healing: 1,67,469

United Kingdom
Infected: 2,74,219
Deaths: 38,458
Healing: 1,173

Spain
Infected: 2,39,228
Deaths: 27,125
Healing: 1,50,376

Italy
Infected: 2,32,664
Deaths: 33,340
Healing: 1,55,633

France
Infected: 1,88,752
Deaths: 28,774

Healing: 68,386

Germany
Infected: 1,83,189
Deaths: 8,530
Healing: 1,64,908

India
Infected: 1,81,827
Deaths: 5,185
Healing: 86,936

Turkey
Infected: 1,63,103
Deaths: 4,515
Healing: 1,26,984

(Source: Johns Hopkins University)


Corona outbreak: This is the latest epidemic in the world

As of this writing, 371,006 people have died and 6,160,295 have been infected in the world due to the corona virus epidemic, which has become a major challenge for the world in the field of health.

Similarly, 27 lakh 38 thousand 284 people have recovered after health treatment while the health condition of 53 thousand 515 people in the world is critical. Outbreaks of the corona virus, which has spread to 213 countries, have killed 15,557 people in the United States and infected 1,816,820.

There, 5 lakh 35 thousand 238 people have recovered after health treatment and 17 thousand 163 people are in critical condition.

In Brazil, 4,99,966 people have been infected so far and 28,849 people have died. Similarly, 15 people have died and 1,526 new infections have been added today. In Brazil, 25,371 people have recovered after receiving medical treatment, while 8,318 are in critical condition.

In Russia, 4,555 people have died and 3,96,575 have been infected with the corona virus.

There, 1,67,469 people have recovered after health treatment and 2,300 are in critical condition.

In Spain, 27,125 people have died and 2,86,308 have been infected with the corona virus.

There, 196,958 people have recovered after receiving medical treatment while the health condition of 617 people is critical.

In the UK, the corona virus has so far killed 38,376 people and infected 272,826. The health condition of 1,559 people there is critical.

In Italy, 33,340 people have died and 232,664 have been infected with the corona virus. There, 155,633 people have recovered after receiving medical treatment while the health condition of 450 people is critical.

In France, the corona virus has so far killed 28,771 people and infected 188,625. There, 68 thousand 268 people have recovered after health treatment and 1 thousand 325 people are in critical condition.

In Germany, the corona virus has killed 8,600 people and infected 183,294 so far. There, 1,64,900 people have recovered after receiving medical treatment while the health condition of 720 people is critical.


Similarly, 5,185 people have died and 182,143 have been infected with the corona virus in neighboring India so far. There are 316 new infections today. In India, 86,984 people have recovered after receiving medical treatment, while 8,944 are in critical condition.

According to WorldDometer, 4,515 people have died and 1,63,103 have been infected with the corona virus in Turkey. Similarly, 126,984 people have recovered after receiving medical treatment while the health condition of 649 people is critical.

In Peru, 4,371 people have died so far due to the corona virus epidemic

A total of 155,671 people have been infected. There, 66,447 people have recovered after receiving medical treatment while the health condition of 960 people is critical.

In Iran, 7,734 people have died and 148,950 have been infected with the corona virus. There, 116,827 people have recovered after medical treatment and 2,533 people are in critical condition.

In Canada, 7,073 people have died and 90,190 have been infected. There, 48,103 people have recovered after medical treatment and 1,618 people are in critical condition.

In Mexico, the corona virus has so far killed 9,779 people and infected 87,512. There have been 364 deaths so far today and 2,885 new infections have been added today. In Mexico, 61,871 people have recovered and 378 are in critical condition.


Similarly, two more corona infections have been confirmed in China today. There have been 4,634 deaths and 83,001 infections. There, 78,304 people have recovered after health treatment and the health condition of 3 people is critical.

Similarly, 1,483 people have died and 69,496 have been infected in Pakistan so far. Today alone, 88 people have died and 3,039 new infections have been added. There, 25,271 people have recovered after receiving medical treatment while the health condition of 111 people is critical.

In Belgium, 9,453 people have died so far and 58,186 have been infected. There, 15,769 people have recovered after receiving medical treatment while the health condition of 73 people is critical.

In the Netherlands, 5,951 people have died so far and 46,257 have been infected. The health condition of 170 people there is critical.

In the last 24 hours, 500 people have died worldwide and 9,812 new infections have been added.



Get latest information on Corona-virus.

'Drone' conveys corona awareness message

Madhyapur Thimi Municipality of Bhaktapur ward no. The general public has been urged to follow the logging by using drones in one area. By connecting hand mic to the drone, Madhyapur Thimi Municipality ward no. 1 is blown inside.


Madonna Thimi Municipality Ward no. 1 Chairman Suraj Khadka informed. He clarified that drones were used to warn the people when they started coming out of their houses even though the government announced to lock them down.

"People's representatives, volunteers and security personnel cannot go everywhere," said Khadka. "Again, not everyone has access to all information and informative messages." That's why we're using drones to follow the lockdown and miking ways to prevent corona virus infections. ' According to him, the drone, which weighs about eight kilograms with a hand mic, hovers over the houses of the people in one ward of Madhyapur Thimi Napa for about half an hour at a time. He said that the drones have been flying repeatedly in places where they have not reached once.

But the drone was not provided by Madhyapur Thimi Municipality and Ward Office. Ward Chairman Khadka said that the drone was arranged by Pokura Innovations Pvt. Ltd. in Kupandola, Lalitpur. "The entire cost of flying the drone has been borne by Pokura Innovations," he added.

According to him, it is estimated that it will cost around three lakh rupees to fly the drone. A team of engineers Ram Khanal, Sushil Khadka and Sajan Amatya, led by Gokarna Jung Thapa of Pokura Innovations, has been operating the drone. Drones are also a safe technology to prevent them from spreading.


According to him, the drone-carrying hand mic has been broadcasting audio messages including the possible effects of corona, measures to be taken to avoid it, adherence to lockdown and urgent information about the possibility of infection. Apart from much-needed work, people are not allowed to go out during the lockdown. Khadka clarified that the drones were used to control the increase in the number of people going out of their houses and opening shops outside the stipulated time.

Government increasing surveillance on drones

As the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has increased in Nepal, the government is preparing to make policy arrangements to regulate this type of flight called drone.

Although drone flights are currently being managed by Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Flight Procedure 2072, government officials say new arrangements are being made because the "hastily issued" procedure is not sufficient.

Venezuela: 'President Survives Drone Strike'

The option to 'shoot' the drone blocking the airport

According to Home Ministry spokesperson Ram Krishna Subedi, the committee formed to identify the security challenges posed by drone flights in detail and formulate working procedures will complete its work within the next two months.

The committee comprising officials from the Ministry of Information and Communication, Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation, Civil Aviation Authority and various security agencies will prepare working procedures based on the opinions and suggestions of all, said Subedi.


Current system

According to the procedure issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs, in order to fly a personal drone, permission for the frequency has to be obtained from the Ministry of Information and Communication.

The Ministry of Communications has allowed drones to fly at frequencies of 2.4 and 5.8 GHz, said Anup Nepal, Deputy Secretary, Frequency Management Division.

Nepal informed that most of the drones are built on that frequency and the drones on this frequency do not need permission from the Ministry. However, in the case of devices with different frequency connections, permission must be obtained.

It is designed for telephone and airplane communications and is designed to avoid the frequency used by security agencies.After the frequency, permission has to be obtained from the Ministry of Civil Aviation with the consent of the Ministry.The drone can be flown only after fulfilling the flight conditions and getting the consent of the Home Ministry.

Government eye

Although various countries around the world have implemented strict policy rules on drones, government officials acknowledge that the monitoring of drones in Nepal took place only after the catastrophic earthquake of 2072 BS.

After the drones were operated arbitrarily to collect the details of the human and material losses in Nepal after the earthquake, the government had made public the procedure by stopping such flights for the time being.

According to a Home Ministry official, the government's attention was drawn after foreign bodies and media outlets captured pictures and videos of various parts of the country from drones "indiscriminately" in the days following the quake.

Experiment

The use of drones, which became widespread much later than in developed countries, is now being used for a variety of purposes. Officials say the use of drones for surveying, studying, filming, filming music videos and documentaries has increased. Personal marriage and fasting these days the number of applicants for capturing activities on camera is increasing.

"Every day, one or two people come to us to get information about drones," Nepal told the BBC Nepali service.

"Not all people come because other bodies look at drones. In that sense, the number of people coming to get permission to fly drones can be very high."

Although various restrictions have been imposed on flying drones that can capture large and audio-visual images, small-sized entertainment devices have not been tightened.


However, even such small drones cannot be flown in restricted areas.

Many opportunities

According to government officials, drones could be used in various parts of the geographically remote country. He said that the government is positive that services can be provided easily by using technology, especially in places where there is no access to health services. Some young entrepreneurs are using drones to collect blood, urine and sputum samples from people in remote areas and test them in other places, and after the tests, they are discussing with various agencies to send the report and medicine from the drones, officials said.

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Is Covid-19 really that deadly?

In some people, this can lead to life-threatening complications.
This article looks at COVID-19 fatalities and most at-risk groups.
It also explores what the disease does to the body and how it compares to flu and acute acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).




For more information on the COVID-19 outbreak, visit our Coronavirus Hub and follow our live update page. Older people and those with current health conditions are at higher risk for serious complications, which can be fatal. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 80% of people who develop the disease have mild to moderate symptoms and recover completely without the need for hospital treatment. 1 in 5 people will experience a serious illness. Older people may develop serious symptoms, such as ongoing health conditions, Some severe COVID-19 symptoms include difficulty breathing and feeling of chest pressure.
COVID-19 can cause serious and sometimes life-threatening problems, including:
The novel coronavirus enters the body through the eyes, nose or mouth. The virus then travels to the lungs and stimulates the airway layer. This inflammation irritates the surrounding nerves and causes coughing. The virus then spreads to the s lung and causes infection and damage, reducing the supply of oxygen to the bloodstream. When the oxygen level in the bloodstream decreases, the heart has to work hard to supply enough oxygen to the organs and the rest of the body. Meanwhile, the immune system is working to fight off the infection, and in doing so it can cause inflammation throughout the body. This inflammation lowers blood pressure, causing the heart's organs to pump oxygen. Lung enlargement of the lungs or pneumonia due to ung lungs. Pneumonia progresses to lung failure, in which case a person may need a ventilator to breathe. In people with current damage to the heart or the lungs, these problems can be fatal. Older people are at greater risk for serious complications due to decreased elasticity in lung tissue and less robust immune function.
The mortality rate of COVID-19 varies depending on where in the world a person is, their age and whether they have health problems.
The mortality rate of COVID-19 is generally higher in the older population. The state of the local or national health system also affects mortality. If hospitals are overwhelmed with severe cases of COVID-19, they may not have the resources to deal with them. It is important to note that the number of COVID-19 trials in a given area can significantly affect mortality data. Case - Mortality Ratio refers to the mortality ratio among those with confirmed COVID-19.



Current reports indicate that in the United States, the case-to-death ratio is 5.9%.
As most people recover with mild cases of COVID-19, this number will decrease with increasing testing. However, among the elderly and those with health conditions, deaths may be higher. The symptoms of COVID-19 are similar to the symptoms of the flu, and both cause respiratory disease. However, a person develops flu symptoms more quickly than COVID-19 symptoms. Doctors refer to the time between the onset of the infection and the symptoms that occur during the incubation period. The flu lasts only a few days, but the symptoms of COVID-19 can take up to 2 weeks. Flu symptoms are mild to some, and to others they can be severe and life-threatening.
According to WHO, current research on the severity of COVID-19 suggests:
15% of cases are severe, and people need oxygen support 5% of cases are significant, and people need mechanical ventilation. This suggests that COVID-19 may be more severe or more severe than the flu. Other research suggests that the flu spreads faster than COVID-19. Additionally, COVID-19 affects fewer children than the flu. Overall, the global mortality rate of COVID-19 is higher than the flu. The reported death toll was 3-4% in reported cases. For comparison, the seasonal flu mortality rate is generally less than 0.1%, although this varies depending on health care access. However, due to the large number of asymptomatic and mild cases, most COVID-19 cases have not been reported, meaning mortality rates are likely to be very low.
Learn more about the difference between COVID-19 and the flu.
Another type of disease caused by coronavirus is SARS. Between 2002 and 2004, the spread of SARS in China spread to other countries. SARS can also cause serious problems such as pneumonia and severe breathing problems. According to the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases, the SARS mortality rate is approximately 10%. Although more research is needed, COVID-19 can spread faster than SARS, although it may reduce the likelihood of serious disease. There have been no reports of SARS in humans since 2004. Most people with COVID-19 experience mild to moderate symptoms and most recover without the need for hospital treatment. For some people, including the elderly and ongoing health conditions, COVID-19 can cause serious symptoms and, at times, become a serious threat.



One good way to prevent infection is to prevent COVID-19.
As the coronavirus novel spreads around the world, people and businesses are locked in our communities and across the United States, the virus is clearly feared. But of all the many viruses that can infect humans, what is the most deadly epidemic in a century? The virus that causes COVID-19 is not very lethal. Coronaviruses that cause Acute Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) cause 10% of infections and 30% to 40% of cases, respectively. Scientists are not sure that COVID-19 is nearly 10 times more deadly than seasonal flu, causing 0.1% of infected people to die until the tests are widespread.
Farhall, MD, Professor of Medicine and Molecular Biology and Biochemistry and Head of Infectious Diseases at the UCI School of Medicine. After collecting data on hotspots around the world, Fortale hopes today we can reduce deaths. Klein, professor of infectious diseases at UCI School of Medicine. Buchmeier believes that the virus, although fatal, is considered an epidemic of seasonal flu, in which one person infects another two or three. In contrast, with Measles, a person infects 18, or chicken pox, a person 12. However, these two most contagious diseases can be controlled by vaccination. But this is a virus that has never been seen in humans, so no person gets immunity.
It can easily spread from one person to another in the form of influenza and infect the upper respiratory system, making it very dangerous. The COVID-19 virus spreads through the upper airways - including the mouth and nose - by coughing, sneezing, huffing, and puffing, and is loud, according to Fortale. Furthermore, we are discovering that the virus is accidentally spreading a few days before infected people begin to experience symptoms. Neither SARS nor MERS can be easily or widely disseminated.
This allows the virus to enter the cells quickly, gain a firm grip, and spread quickly throughout the body. The virus also attacks the lower respiratory tract - bronchial tubes and s lungs, where it causes pneumonia. This triggers an inflammatory response as the body tries to fight off the attackers. In some people - about 15% - this immune response initiates a cyclic transgression of the body's immune system called a cytokine storm. "Not only can you cause serious damage to the lungs, it may or may not be a direct cause of the virus," Fortale said. Fortale said some people were seriously ill or died. Researchers have observed that other coronaviruses provoke similar cytokine overexpression.



Age, sex, and chronic condition increase the risk
The mortality rate is higher among those over 70, and mortality increases with age, Fortel said. Obesity and other chronic conditions - such as high blood pressure, diabetes and the underlying heart, lungs and kidney disease - increase the risk of serious infections, Fortis said. The prevalence of these diseases in the elderly may be higher in the elderly and in some people the onset of dementia is related to the symptoms they experience, which can have devastating effects on the virus in nursing and care homes. Adding although doctors are still unaware, research has shown that cytokine overexpression patterns are based on age and sex with other coronaviruses. Fortale and Buchmeier, members of the UC Irvine Center for Virus Research, are now in the news, and the subject of the UCI Health Clinical Trial is promising to treat COVID-19.



Monday, May 18, 2020

Should Nepalese be worried about the coronavirus?

The outbreak of the 2019 novel coronavirus in China, also known as the Wuhan Coronavirus, has now affected 17 countries.
There are approximately 6,000 cases in China with the majority being diagnosed. Total casualties have crossed 130, most of them in Wuhan, in Hubei Province. Nepal has recorded its first confirmed case: a student studying in China who went to Nepal when diagnosed. Coronavirus family viruses have historically caused respiratory infections in human populations worldwide.




The most recent outbreaks include acute acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2002 and Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS) in 2012.
Both have affected thousands of people and in some cases can be fatal. SARS killed 10% of infected people, while MERS was fatal in 37% of the infected population. The current death rate due to Wuhan coronavirus is 2.2%. If we reverse this number, 98 percent of people infected with this virus will not die. Given the low mortality rate compared to previous coronavirus outbreaks, why is there so much concern about this outbreak?
The first reason is that the Wuhan Coronavirus is a ‘novel’.
The term is used to refer to a new species in viral epidemiology that has never been found in the population. Therefore, scientists do not know enough about the symptoms of the virus and provide public health indications about treatment.
Second, unlike SARS and MERS, the incubation period of the virus is up to 14 days, and asymptomatic individuals can spread the disease to others.
Infected individuals who show development may also continue to spread the virus. The R0 (n r naught ') value of this virus is estimated to be 3, which means that the infected person transmits on average three more people. It is believed to have a high infectivity number, but it is still lower than SARS or MERS. Chinese authorities have taken tough steps in Wuhan to stop the spread of the virus. However, this may not be enough as most infected people may be out of the city until they take action. Wuhan's population is 10 million, and many begin this week's Chinese New Year. According to experts at Imperial College in London, the number of infected populations is less than about 100,000. Therefore, we can expect more cases around the world as infected people spread and transmit the disease.



However, the question has arisen once again about how many people have been infected so far.
The virus may be spreading, but not the cause of many deaths?
Nepal has a common outbreak of respiratory diseases such as seasonal influenza, 'avian influenza' and 'swine flu'. Nepali media often report cases of ‘unknown viral disease’. The Nepalese government set up screening centers for coronaviruses at airports and border posts before the first infected person was diagnosed in Tibet. The National Public Health Laboratory is working with private hospitals and laboratories and technical assistance from the World Health Organization (WHO) to make timely and accurate diagnosis of Wuhan coronaviruses. These cases are referred to the Sukhraj Tropical Infectious Diseases Hospital and are monitored by the Department of Epidemiology and Disease Control in the country.
The Ministry of Health and Population has ordered all private hospitals in the country to be on standby if ventilator-supported ICUs are needed. The state mechanism seems to have learned from the vulnerabilities previously seen during the SARS and H1N1 (swine flu) outbreaks. However, the exact clinical diagnosis of the disease is a challenge, as people who are infected with non-symptomatic phosphoses are more likely to be infected with other viruses, such screening is the only way to identify the maximum number of cases entering the country and prevent the population from getting infected.



There have been no cases of coronavirus infection since January 25 in Nepal.
The first case has only been reported to date. The global media reporting of the outbreak is more focused on malignancy than recovery, and the WHO fails to note that the Wuhan coronavirus outbreak with its expertise and access to data has not yet declared a public health emergency. The experience of making a 'premature and hasty' decision to end the 2009 influenza A (or H1N1) - or swine flu - is still a pandemic, at which point the
WHO decided to take a close look at the situation. 
WHO is focusing on China as a priority over the action, while observing the rest of the world. This does not mean that we can be complacent, because the risk of mutation in the more severe form of the virus is real. However, this also does not help to be afraid. We need to look at the numbers, listen to the experts in this field and move on accordingly. After the end of the week, several high-level coordination committees, led by Deputy Prime Minister and Defense Minister Ishwar Pokharel, made several important decisions aimed at limiting the spread of
Travelers from more than 50 countries in Nepal, Europe, Britain, the Gulf and West Asia have been banned; Nationwide secondary education exams are postponed; Asked to close all gyms, health clubs, movie theaters, and dance bars; And all meetings of more than 25 people are banned.
Civil Aviation Minister Yogesh Bhattarai told the Post on Wednesday, "These strong measures have been taken based on the global impact of the coronavirus, the fear it has created and While these measures are welcomed, many public health officials fear they may not be enough and the public is not sure that the government is doing enough. Sundar Mani Dixit's video has criticized the government's response that the government is not conducting enough tests as the test kit is not viral. Despite a conspiracy theorist signaling for Dikshit, especially the claim that the test kits are being saved for 'VIPs', the video is taken aback by Nepal's lack of confidence in the dense urban development, poor security measures and health infrastructure. As of March 20, only 546 Nepalis were tested for Kovid-19, excluding adverse cases in January, according to the Ministry of Health and Population.



Current screening procedures include assessing whether patients have a fever with severe respiratory symptoms or have a surgical condition; And then they are assessing whether Kovid-19 may be in the 14 days they are performing, or in the affected country.
Fever is being tested for those who arrive in Nepal, and when they show no symptoms, they are asked to self-confine. If there is fever, they are left alone and sent to a designated hospital. But the airport has suffered long-term institutional and infrastructure failures. On March 9, the Diplomat reported that 13 health workers at the Tribhuvan airport were inadequate to check passengers coming from China, South Korea, Hong Kong, Thailand, Malaysia, Japan. Some travelers skip the screening process due to the limited number of health workers," one passenger told the publication.
On March 18, The Himalayan Times reported that incoming travelers were not being properly investigated and many were not being asked to remain in self-restraint. Nepal's hospitals and laboratories are also pre-equipped, first to screen potential patients, then to isolate them, and then to provide adequate care. Nepal Public Health Laboratory officials told the Post that they had only 1,000 test kits.
As of March 20, more than half of them were used and it is unclear whether they received the 5,000 kits they sought from the WHO.
On March 19, the Medical Council of Nepal urged all hospitals, private and public, to set up more than 100 beds with special fever clinics, and urged everyone to conserve resources for the outbreak, with health workers postponing elective surgery to ensure safety. Decrease. Unnecessary congestion in hospitals and treatment centers.
Kathmandu is one of the most densely populated cities in the region and the spread of it will increase health care facilities quickly. The Covid-19 mortality rate is not very high - revised from the initial estimate of 3.4 percent to less than 1 percent - but when coronavirus patients come to hospitals, those who need immediate medical care do not need care. .