Monday, October 10, 2022

Mental health

Mental health

Both physical and mental health are very important for any person. If a person is physically healthy but his mental health is bad then he will have to face many kinds of problems in his life. Mental health shows a person's abilities, gives him confidence that he can face stress in life and can contribute to the development of his community through his work or actions. Mental disorders affect a person's health-related behavior, judgment, regular exercise, adequate sleep, safe sexual behavior, etc. and increase the risk of physical diseases. Due to mental illness, a person has to become a participant in unemployment, broken family, poverty, drug abuse and related crimes. If a person's mental health will be right then his life will also be right. So we will tell you in detail about every aspect related to mental disorders in this section, which will help you improve your mental health. But let's first learn some important things related to mental health.

Causes of Mental Illness - Causes of Mental Illness

Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel and act. Your mental health changes with age. During your life, if you experience mental health problems, it's important to know about them, seek help from a doctor, and get treatment because they can affect your thinking, mood, and behavior. There are many other factors that contribute to mental health problems, including:

-Biological factors, such as genes or brain chemistry

-Family history of mental health problems

-Life experiences, such as trauma or abuse

- Due to a depressive environment in life (Depressive Environment)

- Causes of childhood trauma (Childhood trauma)

-Stressful events such as loss of a loved one (Stressful events of life)

- Causes of increasing negative thoughts (Negative thoughts)

- Unhealthy habits such as not getting enough sleep or unhealthy lifestyle

- Abusing drugs and alcohol

- Treatment with a chronic disease

Symptoms of Mental Illness - Symptoms of Mental Illness

Every mental illness has its own symptoms. However, there are some common warning signs or symptoms that can alert you that you need professional help. such as

- Over thinking


- marked personality change

--Changes in eating or sleeping patterns

-Inability to cope with problems and daily activities

-excessive anxieties

- Prolonged depression and apathy

- Excessive anger or violent behavior

-Thinking or talking about suicide

- Having extreme mood swings

- Abuse of alcohol or drugs

Mental Health Disorders

1. Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders are the most common type of mental illness. People with these conditions have severe fears or anxieties related to certain objects or situations. There are also types of anxiety disorders, such as

a. Generalized anxiety disorder

Generalized anxiety disorder involves persistent and excessive worry that interferes with daily activities. This ongoing worry and stress can be accompanied by physical symptoms, such as restlessness, feeling on edge or easily tiring, difficulty concentrating, muscle tension or sleep problems.

b. panic disorder

The main symptoms of panic disorder are recurrent panic attacks, an overwhelming combination of physical and psychological distress. It has many symptoms such as:

- Fast heartbeat

- Sweating

- Trembling or tremors

- Feeling short of breath

- Chest pain

- Dizziness, light-headedness or fainting

-Feeling of suffocation

- Feeling shocked or tingling

- Chilling

- Nausea or stomach pain

- Fear of dying

c. Phobias

A phobia is an intense and persistent fear of a specific object, situation or activity that is usually not harmful. Patients know that their fear is excessive, but they cannot overcome it.

d. Agoraphobia

Agoraphobia is the fear of being in situations from which avoidance may be difficult or embarrassing. This fear disturbs the real situation very much and causes problems in functioning. A person suffering from agrophobia experiences this fear in many situations. such as

-Using public transport

- When in open places

- Being in crowded places

- When standing in line

- On being alone outside the house

e. Social Anxiety Disorder

People with social anxiety disorder have excessive worry and discomfort about being embarrassed, humiliated, rejected, or lacking in social relationships. People with this disorder are extremely afraid of learning, talking, meeting new people and eating and drinking in public in order to avoid the situation.

f. Separation Anxiety Disorder

People with separation anxiety disorder fear being separated from their loved ones. Such people may refuse to leave the house or go out without the person, or may experience nightmares about separation. These disorders develop in childhood, but symptoms may persist into adulthood.

2. Mood disorders

Mood disorders can also be referred to as affective disorders or depressive disorders. People with these conditions tend to have very rapid mood swings. It also has many types, such as

a. Major depression

A person with this depression constantly feels low and his mood is always bad and loses interest in activities and events that he used to enjoy. He feels depressed or extremely depressed for long periods of time.

b. Bipolar disorder

A person with bipolar disorder experiences unusual changes in their mood, energy levels, activity levels, and ability to carry on with daily life. When they feel good, they become very energetic, while when they are in a low mood, they go into depression.

c. Seasonal affective disorder

During the winter and early spring months when the days are shorter or darker, this can lead to depression in some people. For such people, it is most important to stay in a room with better lighting or sunlight.

3. Schizophrenia (Schizophrenia disorders)

Schizophrenia is one or a group of mental illnesses that are difficult to understand. Symptoms of schizophrenia usually develop between the ages of 16 and 30. Such a person's thoughts are often broken and lost. These people also feel those things around them, which are not really in the world. Schizophrenia has negative and positive symptoms. Positive symptoms include confusion, thought disorders, and hallucinations. Negative symptoms include lack of motivation and poor mood.

Ways to improve mental health - Tips for good mental health

- Stay connected to others and don't isolate yourself.

- Think positive

- Be physically active.

- Keep helping others.

- Get enough sleep and sleep on time and wake up on time

- Eat a healthy diet, especially mood-enhancing foods.

-Avoid alcohol, smoking and drugs.

- Take lots of incense.

- Don't stress too much.

-Stop thinking too much.

- Do exercise and yoga.

- Do something that makes you feel good and makes you happy.

- Be friendly.

In this way, you can find expert tips and information for all mental health related problems, diseases, their symptoms, treatment and prevention here. So keep reading this section of Only My Health 'Mental health in Hindi' and take special care of your mental health.

Source: American Psychiatric Association


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