Saturday, August 27, 2022

Why frequent miscarriages?

Why frequent miscarriages?

If there are repeated miscarriages, the problem can become complicated. Losing a child is actually a very sad situation in any woman's life. It affects not only their physical but also their mental health.

Therefore, if there are frequent miscarriages, it is necessary to find out the concrete reason for it. Generally, if the fetus dies before 20 weeks of conception, it is said to be a miscarriage. The World Health Organization considers the death of a fetus before 22 weeks of pregnancy as a miscarriage.

This problem called abortion or miscarriage in the medical field is not a common problem. More frequent abortions lead to reproductive and health complications. Along with this, there is a possibility of death of the mother due to lack of proper treatment.

Special attention should be paid in the first three months of pregnancy to prevent miscarriage. In such a situation, while riding a vehicle, sitting on the back of a bike, or traveling on a bad road, the stomach will be upset. It can affect the fetus and cause miscarriage. Taking too much stress also affects the baby in the womb. Therefore, the first three months should be paid more attention than at other times.

Special attention should be paid in the first three months of pregnancy to prevent miscarriage. In such a situation, while riding a vehicle, sitting on the back of a bike, or traveling on a bad road, the stomach will be upset. It can affect the fetus and cause miscarriage.

What causes frequent miscarriages?

Some women face frequent miscarriages. Women who have had three or more miscarriages before at least 20 weeks of pregnancy should seek specialist advice. Frequent miscarriage in women is due to BOH (Bad Obstetric History) i.e. Miscarriage also occurs due to poor obstetric history.

The small structures in the human body are called chromosomes. These structures act to bring and carry genes. In any case when the male sperm meets the egg, an error in one of the egg or sperm cells results in an abnormal combination of one of the chromosomes in the resulting embryo, resulting in a miscarriage. When a woman's uterus is abnormally shaped and the uterus divides, it can lead to miscarriage.

Other immunological disorders can also cause miscarriage. Sometimes, due to immunological disorders, the embryo does not implant in the uterus and miscarriage can also occur. Immunological disorders can cause problems like asthma, allergies, autoinflammatory syndromes.

If the mouth of a woman's uterus is open and not round, some couples fail to conceive even if they plan to have children. For this, a gynecologist should be consulted. It is possible to treat it.

Other causes of miscarriage

Women with PCOS have a higher risk of miscarriage. In such a situation, the balance of progesterone and estrogen hormones deteriorates, which prevents the development of eggs.

It seems that there is a problem of frequent miscarriage even when conceiving at the age of 35 years and above. Similarly, running too much while pregnant or traveling during the first and third trimester can cause miscarriage.

If a woman has stomach pain or pressure during pregnancy, there is a possibility of miscarriage. Likewise, it is common for women to have vaginal infections. In this case, repeated vaginal infection can cause miscarriage.

Abortion situation in Nepal

According to the UN body, an average of 10 to 15 percent of women in the world have been victims of abortion. A study conducted by the Nepal Demographic Health Survey in 2016 showed that nearly 9 percent of women in Nepal have abortions.

The World Health Organization has also listed miscarriage as one of the leading causes of premature birth.

How many types of abortion are there?

Missed abortion: In this case, the pregnancy ends on its own. During this period, there is no bleeding and no symptoms. In some cases, even after abortion, the fetus remains in the uterus and it becomes known when the development of the fetus stops in the womb. It is detected by ultrasound.

Incomplete abortion: In this, the woman experiences heavy bleeding and severe pain in the lower abdomen. Only one part of the embryo can come out.

Complete Miscarriage: Severe abdominal pain and heavy bleeding are symptoms of a complete miscarriage. In this, the fetus comes out of the uterus completely.

Inevitable abortion: In this case, the bleeding continues and the uterus opens. Allows the embryo to come out. During this period, the woman has constant pain in her stomach.

Septic abortion: This type of abortion is caused by a serious infection.

Miscarriage symptoms

The most common symptoms of miscarriage are abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding. Brown or dark red bleeding from the vagina is the main symptom of miscarriage. At this time there are spots, blood clots or excessive bleeding.

Back pain is common during pregnancy, but sometimes severe back pain can lead to miscarriage.

Pain in the lower abdomen is also one of the symptoms of miscarriage. This can be a cause for concern, as this pain can be more intense than pain during menstruation.

How to know the risk of miscarriage?

If the problem of abortion is diagnosed at the right time, problems like infection can be avoided. Failure to do so may endanger women's health.

The condition can be known by checking the dilatation of the uterus by ultrasound, and by checking the heartbeat of the fetus. Similarly, the doctor takes a blood sample and compares the level of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) with the previous level. If this changes, there may be a risk of miscarriage.

If the tissue starts coming out of the uterus, there is a possibility of miscarriage. So it should be tested.

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