Monday, May 25, 2020

What does Facebook-Twitter know about you?

When you use various social networks, surfing sites and apps through the internet, you unknowingly give information about yourself.

Ever wonder what the big digital tech companies know about you?

These companies are aware of your following information:


Name, Gender, Date of Birth, Phone Number, Email Address, Location, Relationship Status (Married, Unmarried), Work, Income, Education, Caste, Religious Perspective, Political Perspective, IP Address, Chat.


Phone number, location, email address, IP address.


Name, gender, date of birth, phone number, email address, location, job, education, contacts, content searched on Google, content viewed on YouTube.


Name, Gender, Date of Birth, Phone Number, Email Address, Location, IP Address, Email, Contacts, Phone Call, Chat, Watched Videos.

 What happens in a minute?

What in the world can happen in a minute? With the digitalization of the world, most people are becoming one with the world through the World Wide Web. In this process, we may not know what people around the world do digitally in a minute.

With the digitalization of the world, there has been a huge increase in the use of human digitized content between 2017 and 2018. According to a report published by Word WideWave, in 2017, 900,000 people used Facebook per minute, but in one year, it has increased to 973,000. In 2017, 3.5 million people used Google per minute, but in one year it increased to 3.7.

Similarly, the number of social network Twitter users has increased by 29,000 per minute in the last one year. Twitter, which had 452,000 users in 2017, was used by 481,000 users in one minute in 2018. The number of people using YouTube in one minute has also increased significantly. In 2017, about 4.1 million people opened YouTube in one minute, compared to 4.3 million last year.

According to last year's data, people received about 187 million emails per minute, up from 156 million in 2017.

Misuse of social media, falling into the trap of the law

Have you ever teased or humiliated someone using social media or electronic media? Or have you insulted someone electronically by saying yes? If you do, you may be subject to severe penalties. For the sake of fun, yes, he is my man.
The Information Technology Bill 2075, which was introduced by the government in the federal parliament and has been under discussion since Wednesday, has defined such acts as a punishable offense. The government has presented the bill in the federal parliament with the aim of making electronic media decent, dignified and systematic.

The bill clearly defines the use of social media or electronic systems as a punishable offense for harassing and teasing another person. Some are even prohibited from humiliating, discouraging, insulting, or reprimanding others. In case of such act, the offender will be fined up to Rs. 1 million or five years imprisonment or both depending on the amount of the offense.

Article 85 of the bill, entitled No to Sexual Harassment, states, "No one shall be subjected to any form of sexual harassment or intimidation or intimidation through the electronic system in accordance with the prevailing law."

There is a provision of fine up to Rs. 500,000, imprisonment for five years or both depending on the amount of such offense. No pornographic material will be produced, collected, communicated, distributed, published, displayed, disseminated and even sold through electronic system.

Similarly, the bill has also made strict legal provision on the issue of not being tempted and misusing the system through electronic system. Even if he proposes with the intention of committing sexual exploitation or cheating or any other illegal act, he should be a party to the punishment.
Similarly, the bill has made provision for not doing anything that could disrupt the relationship between Nepal's sovereignty, integrity, nationality or national unity, independence or federal unit through electronic means. A fine of up to Rs 1.5 million or five years imprisonment and both are provided for such offenses.

Personal details cannot be collected without permission

Is no one misusing your personal details in electronic form? If so, doing so would now be considered a punishable offense. The bill has made provision that no one can collect personal details in electronic form except in accordance with the prevailing law.

Those who collect personal details illegally are barred by the bill's information security and privacy provisions. If personal details have to be collected, the person concerned must be informed of the purpose for which the details are required.

If someone illegally takes someone's personal details without giving any information or
The bill provides for a fine of up to Rs 500,000 or imprisonment for up to three years or both for unauthorized use. The proposed bill also prohibits the use, dissemination and exchange of personal details or information for purposes other than those disclosed.

The law includes the provision of collecting details for one purpose and being ready to be punished according to the law if such details are used for other purposes. Provision has been made in the bill to destroy the personal information collected and stored for special purpose within 30 days of the end of the purpose of collecting and storing personal information.
While exchanging, processing and storing the information in electronic form, the processors, savers and service providers should pay special attention to the issue of maintaining confidentiality and integrity. The details prescribed by the government public, financial and health related bodies must be kept safe in accordance with the law. Such information should be kept safe with the guarantee of not leaving the country.

The bill has also included the provision that the government body should not be negligent in using computer and information system indiscriminately. The bill also stipulates that data centers and cloud services cannot be operated without permission. Such centers will have to be renewed every year.

The bill has also given top priority to the issue of cyber security. The Government may designate sensitive infrastructure in the Nepal Gazette by publishing information and communication infrastructure that could seriously affect any national security, economy, emergency services, emergency services, health and public safety.

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