Thursday, September 8, 2022

Britain's Queen Elizabeth is no more

Britain's Queen Elizabeth is no more

Queen Elizabeth of Great Britain has passed away. According to the BBC, Queen Elizabeth died on Thursday at the age of 96.

BBC reports that he died at Balmoral Castle in Scotland. On Thursday, Buckingham Palace issued a statement saying that he had a health problem.

She is the longest-reigning monarch in Britain, with a tenure of 70 years and seven months. She became Empress in 1952. He will now be succeeded by his eldest son Charles as King of England. Queen Elizabeth has four children, including Charles.

Her husband Prince Philip died in April 2021. Philip and Elizabeth were married in 1947. Five years later, Elizabeth became Queen of England. Queen Elizabeth's death comes less than a year after Prince Philip's death.

During his seven-decade rule, Britain had 15 prime ministers. Among them, Winston Churchill, who was born in 1874, is the first, and Liz Truss, who was born in 1975, 101 years later, was appointed by Elizabeth as the Prime Minister only last week. She met the Prime Minister every week throughout her tenure.

Elizabeth became Queen of England at a time when Britain's influence around the world was waning. He was retreating from the rule of countries including India. There was a revolutionary change in the society all over the world and many people in Britain were also raising questions about the monarchy. As queen, Elizabeth faced all these challenges head on. She performed her duties efficiently even in difficult times and maintained public confidence in the British royal family.


No one thought that Elizabeth would one day become Queen of England. He was born on April 21, 1926 in Berkeley. She is the eldest daughter of Albert 'Duke of York', the second son of the then King George V.

After the death of the then British King George V in 1936, his eldest son David assumed the throne as Edward VIII. But when Edward married a twice-divorced American woman, Wallis Simpson, he was strongly opposed in Britain. Edward VIII abdicated because of this protest.

Elizabeth's father then ascended the throne as George VI, the 'Duke of York'. But he had no interest in becoming a king.

After his father's accession to the throne, 10-year-old Elizabeth succeeded him. From that time he began to realize his future responsibilities. This experience made him very comfortable in handling the Rajkaj later.

At that time, Hitler's power was growing rapidly. Amid rising tensions and polarization in Europe, King George VI toured the country with his family. Elizabeth went on tour with her father. That trip proved to be a great opportunity for him to understand politics.

Elizabeth did not go to school and had no formal education. He and his sister Margaret were educated at the palace. Elizabeth was very dear to her father and grandfather. She was fondly called 'Lillibet'. She had a hard time pronouncing her own name, Elizabeth, as a child.

Elizabeth learned to ride a horse at the age of six. While learning horse riding, she told her teacher, 'I want to be a normal girl living in the village and go to the village and keep many dogs and horses.'

From a young age, Elizabeth was very responsible. Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was impressed by his character. Churchill said of Queen Elizabeth, 'Even at such a young age, her nature is very strong and flamboyant.'

Despite never going to school, Elizabeth learned many languages. She was well-studied in British constitutional history. The Girl's Guide Company was founded in the name of Buckingham Palace so that Elizabeth and her sister Margaret could keep in good company with the girls of their contemporaries.

In 1939, 13-year-old Elizabeth went to the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth with her parents. There he met Prince Philip of Greece. This was not their first meeting. But when they met at the Naval College, Elizabeth began to take an interest in Prince Philip.

After that, they met continuously. On holiday Prince Philip went to London to visit his royal relatives. By 1944, Elizabeth and Philip had already begun to love each other. They used to write letters to each other. Elizabeth also began keeping a picture of Philip in her room.

After the Second World War, as the then Princess Elizabeth, she joined the Auxiliary Territorial Service. There she learned to drive and repair cars.

On May 8, 1945, Princess Elizabeth celebrated the end of World War II with the royal family. Britain won it. At that time, she mentioned after the incident that she asked permission from her parents to go among the common people and share happiness. He was very afraid that someone would recognize him when he celebrated in the midst of the common people.

After the end of World War she wanted to marry Prince Philip. But there were some problems in their marriage.

Elizabeth's father, King George, did not want to send his beloved daughter away from him. On the other hand, Philip was not ready to go and live in another country. Later all these problems were solved.

They married on November 20, 1947, at Westminster Abbey, the royal church in London.

After marrying into the British royal family, Prince Philip was honored with the title 'Duke of Edinburgh'. But he did not leave the Royal Navy. After the wedding, Elizabeth and Philip spent some time in Malta as a common-law couple.

Elizabeth and Philip's first child, Prince Charles, was born in 1948. Two years later, daughter Ain was born.

Meanwhile, the health of Elizabeth's father, King George, was deteriorating. He had lung cancer. In January 1952, when Elizabeth and her husband Philip went on a foreign tour, King George, despite health problems, came to the airport to drop off his daughter and son-in-law. That was the last meeting between father and daughter.

While Elizabeth and Philip were in Kenya, King George died in England. They were then promptly recalled to Britain and Elizabeth was promptly proclaimed Queen.

Remembering that time, Queen Elizabeth wrote, 'My father died very quickly. I didn't get enough opportunity to sit with him and learn the royal business. The challenge of carrying out the responsibility that suddenly fell on my shoulders was in front of me.'

Elizabeth's ascension to the throne in 1953 was watched on television by more than two million people around the world.

At that time, Britain was in trouble due to the financial burden it had to carry due to the World War. The then Prime Minister Churchill expressed displeasure that the royal family had spent extravagantly during the economic crisis. He was not in favor of grand coronation ceremony. But the British people were with their new Queen.

After World War II, Britain's position had declined drastically. The once never-sunset British Empire was shrinking. Many countries of the world, including India, were freed from British colonial rule. At that time, to bring back the pride of Britain, Queen Elizabeth decided to visit the Commonwealth countries.

She was the first Queen of England to visit Australia and New Zealand. He claims to have seen two-thirds of Australians live.

As other countries became independent from British colonies, Queen Elizabeth's interest in the Commonwealth grew. Despite this, she could not prevent the weakening of British power.

Elizabeth never shied away from fulfilling her duties as Queen of England. After the 1991 Gulf War, she visited America. There she also addressed the US Congress. She is the first British monarch to address the US Congress. The then US President George Bush also praised him.

The 1990s were particularly bad for the royal family.

Queen Elizabeth's second son 'Duke of York' and his wife Sarah are divorced. Her daughter Princess Anne also split from husband Mark Phillips. Later, the strained relationship between Prince Charles and Princess Diana was also made public. They also broke up their marriage.

Not only this, there was a terrible fire at Windsor Castle in the nineties. Then there was a big debate in Britain about who should bear the cost of maintaining the palace. A heated debate ensued as to whether the royal family should pay for the repairs or whether taxes collected from the British people would cover them. The whole of Britain was divided into two parts on this issue.

The Queen came up with a solution to settle the dispute. She opened Buckingham Palace to the public to help with maintenance costs. She also announced that both the Queen and the Prince of Wales will pay tax on their income.

Meanwhile, at the domestic level, Queen Elizabeth faced the challenge of saving the honor of the royal family.

The divorce of Prince Charles and Princess Diana tarnished the prestige of the British royal family. At the same time, after the death of Princess Diana in 1997, the public rose up against the royal family. Queen Elizabeth faced many accusations on a private level.

After the death of Princess Diana in an accident in Paris, thousands of citizens took to the streets to pay their respects to her. Shortly thereafter, Queen Elizabeth delivered a message to the nation on the death of Princess Diana. She said in the message, 'The royal family will try to change itself according to the changing times.'

She also said in a speech, 'No organization or person is exempt from accountability. The British royal family is also ready for all kinds of scrutiny.'

No comments:

Post a Comment

If you have any doubts. Please let me know.