Thursday, July 4, 2024

Vaginal discharge during pregnancy, what is the reason?

 Vaginal discharge during pregnancy, what is the reason?

60 to 65 percent of women experience excessive vaginal discharge during pregnancy. Thus, some women are worried when vaginal discharge is excessive. In addition, they may panic when foul-smelling liquid comes from the vagina. In this case, many women may wonder how much vaginal discharge is normal or abnormal.

Five similar questions about vaginal discharge, online news, obstetrics and gynecology specialist Dr. Sunita Vyanjankar has kept it.

What is vaginal discharge?

The liquid that flows from the vagina is called vaginal discharge, which keeps the vagina clean. Protects from external bacterial infection.

Vaginal discharge changes according to a woman's physical condition. For example, the menstrual cycle and pregnancy may have different types of discharge. Which varies from person to person. Some may have more, some may have less.

How common is vaginal discharge during pregnancy?

Prosterogen hormone levels are high during pregnancy. Therefore, it is normal to have a little more vaginal bleeding. Vaginal discharge does not allow infection in the vagina. Such shrawa protects the vagina.

A thin and milky white liquid with a slight odor is seen in early pregnancy.

Vaginal discharge can also increase in the last week of pregnancy. At that time, thick and pink liquid can be seen. Which gradually increases. And, it continues throughout pregnancy. It is a sign that the baby is ready to be born, which is seen before the onset of labor. Vaginal discharge during pregnancy is called Leukorrhea. It looks clean and white. And, it is odorless. Which is not considered harmful. This is normal.

But in some cases, abnormal vaginal discharge can occur. If it is green, brown in color, very smelly, cheese-like and full of liquid. Such vaginal discharge can cause itching and pain around the vagina.

The vagina contains beneficial bacteria such as Lactobacillus. When the balance of these bacteria is disturbed, bad bacteria take their place. And, there may be abnormal vaginal discharge. Genital infection and the use of any medicine can also cause it.

What are the symptoms of abnormal vaginal discharge? What is the probability of complications?

Suddenly vaginal discharge increased. And, if the color is different, you should show it to the doctor. If the fluid like water is continuously flowing, then it should be understood that there is pain before delivery.

Abnormal vaginal discharge can also occur if two infections such as 'vaginal thrush' and bacterial vaginosis are seen.

Vaginal thrush can be caused by a fungal infection (thrush), which looks thick and white like curd. Which makes the vagina itchy and painful. But it does not harm the fetus.

Similarly, bacterial vaginosis causes an infection in the vagina due to an imbalance of micro-organisms around the genitals. When infected, gray or green discharge is seen. Which smells like fish. This discharge causes itchiness and discomfort. Which can cause premature pain.

Bacterial vaginosis increases the risk of sexually transmitted infections such as HIV AIDS, Trichomonas vaginalis and vaginal candidiasis.

Vaginal candidiasis is an infection seen in pregnancy, which can occur when the Candida species overgrow. The risk of infection is high in pregnant women who have been treated with strong antibiotic drugs, HIV/AIDS, diabetes and immunocompromised pregnant women.

In case of vaginal candidiasis, there is not only discharge from the vagina, but also pain and itching in the vaginal tract. Also, complications such as miscarriage, low birth weight and premature birth may appear due to this.

Blood mixed discharge or bleeding during pregnancy is a complicated problem of how many?

One in three women experience light bleeding during the first trimester of pregnancy, which is normal. If some people experience discharge even after that period, then you should definitely not stay silent.

Bleeding continues even after the first trimester. And, if it is too much, you have to go to the hospital immediately. Because excessive bleeding can be a sign of miscarriage.

Likewise, bleeding may occur if the cervix covers the entire cervix. After 20 weeks, such a problem can be seen. Which is not that rare. In this way, when the mucus covers the lower part of the uterus, it becomes a risk for both the mother and the baby. Also, if there is excessive abdominal pain and bleeding before 37 weeks, the baby may be born prematurely.

How to stop bleeding during pregnancy?

Although any type of bleeding cannot be stopped during pregnancy, regular blood tests should be done. It can help to determine the amount of blood in the body and the need for blood transfusion during pregnancy. And, in this way, blood tests from time to time can identify whether it is just a normal problem or there is any possibility of bleeding.

- If there is an infection in the vagina, the doctor can prescribe antibiotics or other medicines keeping in mind the pregnancy. These medicines prevent the spread of infection. And, it reduces abnormal vaginal discharge.

- Tampons should not be used during pregnancy.

- Discharge absorbing panty liner should be worn.

- The vagina should be kept dry.

-After urinating or defecating, the genital area should be wiped from front to back.

- Instead of wearing tight jeans and nylon panties, you should use cotton.

- Probiotic foods and complementary foods that are safe to consume during pregnancy should be consumed. Which prevents the balance of bacteria in the vagina from getting worse.

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