Showing posts with label diseases. Show all posts
Showing posts with label diseases. Show all posts

Saturday, February 27, 2021

Severe congenital diseases in children

Severe congenital diseases in children

Some diseases are congenital in children due to which children become very ill later. Congenital inequalities can be both physical and mental.

Most of these problems are related to a nerve tube defect called a 'neural tube defect'. Even so, owning one is still beyond the reach of the average person. The simplest way to avoid these diseases is information and caution.

Spina bifida

Congenital heart disease is one of the most common congenital heart diseases in children. Many babies are born with this problem.

Spina bifida causes the baby's spinal cord to rupture and sometimes the spinal cord to protrude. This weakens the muscles below the cracked area. This causes paralysis in the lower part of the baby.


This is the most serious problem of the musculoskeletal system. Many babies are born with this problem. Babies born with this problem do not have the upper part of the skull or the cerebellum.

The adrenal glands are damaged so babies live only for a few moments and most of them are daughters.

Hydrangea syphilis

In this disease, the baby's head is abnormally large. A large amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain causes thinning of the skull, which can lead to cerebral palsy.

Apart from this, many other problems are found from birth, such as cleft lip or palate. In the early stages of pregnancy, some viruses cause congenital diseases in the baby. Other congenital diseases include deafness, cataracts, heart disease, and mental retardation.

Reasons for giving birth to a congenitally ill child

It is not known exactly what causes a malformed child or a child born with a congenital health problem but it is mainly divided into two parts.

- Hereditary causes

- Environmental reasons

How to save a child from such problems

- Get in the habit of eating nutritious food before pregnancy. Include fruits, dried fruits, green vegetables, dairy products in the diet. Avoid eating junk food.

- Folic acid intake before or in the early stages of pregnancy reduces the chances of giving birth to a sick baby.

- Do not take any medicine during pregnancy without the advice of a doctor. Use caution when taking any medicine.

-If women are suffering from diabetes, high blood pressure, asthma, the birth defects of the baby can be prevented by controlling the blood sugar before pregnancy, but before that, you must consult a doctor.

- Avoid X-rays in the early weeks of pregnancy. This has a dangerous effect on the fetus. Do not have an X-ray for the first four months

- Patients with hyper or hypothyroidism need to consult a doctor before getting pregnant.

Tuesday, January 19, 2021

Diseases that afflict in winter

Diseases that afflict in winter

There are many health problems in winter. For example, cold, joint pain, asthma. At this time, the risk of heart disease also increases. Similarly, winter can lead to depression in some people. Therefore, it is important to be aware of the physical problems that occur in winter and to take the necessary precautions in this regard.

Heart attack

Most of us have a laid back attitude when it comes to painting a picture about winter. As the temperature drops, the arteries that bleed become narrower. This makes it harder for the heart to pump blood.

According to experts, people over the age of 30 should not be too tired in cold weather. Instead of going for a walk on a cold morning, go to a sunny place.

Asthma attacks

If you have asthma, you may know that your asthma increases a lot during the winter. In this way, cold and dry air tightens the airways and makes breathing worse.

So making some changes in your lifestyle in winter can definitely be helpful. Keep your home smoke-free as it makes it very difficult for asthma sufferers. Also, wash your bed at least once a year.

Itchy skin

One of the most common problems people face in cold weather is itchy skin. The skin starts itching due to low humidity in cold weather.

You can massage the skin with almond, coconut, or olive oil to prevent itching. Also, avoid eating greasy street food. You can also drink Sakhkar tea to get rid of the problem of itchy skin.

Joint pain

Many people suffer from joint pain in winter. The first step in relieving joint pain is to keep yourself and your feet warm.

So instead of wearing one warm cloth, wear two or three thin cloths. Exercise should be done to avoid joint pain and muscle pain during cold weather. Another way to get rid of joint pain is to bask in the sun for a while.


Headaches, runny noses, and colds are common problems. The problem of sinusitis occurs when the house is closed and there is no proper ventilation.

You need to get enough rest to stay away from sinusitis in this season. Also, eat healthily, avoid colds, and drink plenty of fluids. Also, stay away from dust.