Saturday, February 27, 2021

Severe congenital diseases in children

Severe congenital diseases in children

Some diseases are congenital in children due to which children become very ill later. Congenital inequalities can be both physical and mental.

Most of these problems are related to a nerve tube defect called a 'neural tube defect'. Even so, owning one is still beyond the reach of the average person. The simplest way to avoid these diseases is information and caution.

Spina bifida

Congenital heart disease is one of the most common congenital heart diseases in children. Many babies are born with this problem.

Spina bifida causes the baby's spinal cord to rupture and sometimes the spinal cord to protrude. This weakens the muscles below the cracked area. This causes paralysis in the lower part of the baby.


This is the most serious problem of the musculoskeletal system. Many babies are born with this problem. Babies born with this problem do not have the upper part of the skull or the cerebellum.

The adrenal glands are damaged so babies live only for a few moments and most of them are daughters.

Hydrangea syphilis

In this disease, the baby's head is abnormally large. A large amount of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain causes thinning of the skull, which can lead to cerebral palsy.

Apart from this, many other problems are found from birth, such as cleft lip or palate. In the early stages of pregnancy, some viruses cause congenital diseases in the baby. Other congenital diseases include deafness, cataracts, heart disease, and mental retardation.

Reasons for giving birth to a congenitally ill child

It is not known exactly what causes a malformed child or a child born with a congenital health problem but it is mainly divided into two parts.

- Hereditary causes

- Environmental reasons

How to save a child from such problems

- Get in the habit of eating nutritious food before pregnancy. Include fruits, dried fruits, green vegetables, dairy products in the diet. Avoid eating junk food.

- Folic acid intake before or in the early stages of pregnancy reduces the chances of giving birth to a sick baby.

- Do not take any medicine during pregnancy without the advice of a doctor. Use caution when taking any medicine.

-If women are suffering from diabetes, high blood pressure, asthma, the birth defects of the baby can be prevented by controlling the blood sugar before pregnancy, but before that, you must consult a doctor.

- Avoid X-rays in the early weeks of pregnancy. This has a dangerous effect on the fetus. Do not have an X-ray for the first four months

- Patients with hyper or hypothyroidism need to consult a doctor before getting pregnant.

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