Monday, October 26, 2020

Symptoms of thyroid dysfunction

Symptoms of thyroid dysfunction


The thyroid is a type of endocrine hormone. This hormone is produced by the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located just below the rudraghanti in the anterior and lower part of our neck. This gland produces hormones called triiodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine (T4) and thyrocalcitonin. Of these three hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and tetraiodothyronine (T4) are commonly called thyroid hormones.


Of these two hormones, 90% are T4 and 10% are T3, but T3 is the active hormone. These hormones play an important role in the formation of many types of structural and functional proteins and enzymes by stimulating many types of genes, mainly in the nucleus of the cell. Therefore, the thyroid is a wide range of hormones. It controls various metabolic activities of the body.




What is thyroid dysfunction?


The thyroid hormone is a very important chemical that directly and indirectly affects the expression of various metabolic processes in the body. In particular, the thyroid hormone regulates the body's metabolism. When this happens, the body's basic metabolic rate is also affected. Apart from this, the thyroid gland also affects the digestion of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Thyroid hormones also play a role in the growth, development, and weight control of the body. Thyroid hormones are also needed for the development of the brain and nerves.



Thyroid hormones also affect the ability of cells to absorb glucose. Similarly, thyroid hormones also help in the production of urine from digestive absorption and excretion. Adequate thyroid hormone is also needed to control heart rate, contractility, stiffness of nerves, blood pressure, and heart rate, and it also affects respiration rate, oxygen saturation rate, and blood circulation.


This hormone is also needed for the growth and development of the body, the growth, and development of the brain, sexual desire, and the ability, to prevent menstrual problems. The amount of thyroid hormone in the body continues to do all of the above, while too much or too little disrupts all activity. Hypothyroidism is a condition in which there is an overdose of this hormone in the body due to an increase in the thyroid, and a condition where the thyroid is low is called hypothyroidism.


Symptoms of hypothyroidism:


1. Weight gain:


Hypothyroidism causes unexpected weight gain. There are several reasons for this. The first reason is that when the basic metabolic rate of a person is low due to thyroid deficiency, the process of fat melting is reduced due to the need for less energy to sustain life. Another reason for weight gain due to hypothyroidism is that the patient becomes more tired, lazy, and has body aches due to this disease and also loses weight due to the physical activity of the patient. Also, patients with hypothyroidism are advised to store more energy in their muscles, liver, and fat tissue, and to eat more and consume less energy. This results in fat and weight gain.


2. Feeling tired:


Fatigue is a basic symptom of hypothyroidism. The main reason for this is the delay in the body's energy and metabolism due to the lack of thyroid hormone. Thyroid secretion is essential for the body to have energy and vitality. But in the case of hypothyroidism, a lack of hormones reduces energy production and leads to fatigue.


3. Feeling cold:


Hypothyroidism lowers our basal metabolic rate. When this happens, the energy produced by our body decreases and we feel cold. Also, when the thyroid is low, the brown adipose tissue needed to produce body heat cannot be activated, so the heat is produced less and it stays cold.


4. Weakness:


Deficiency of thyroid hormone increases the metabolic activity by stopping the metabolic activity in the body. As the catabolic activity increases, the muscles of the body decay, and weakness is felt.


5. Pain in the body:


Hypothyroidism increases the catabolic activity in the body and causes loss of muscle and soft connective tissue, causing body aches, burns, and knee stiffness even when not working.


6. Hair loss:


Thyroid hormone is essential for the growth, growth, and health of hair stem cells. With hypothyroidism, a lack of thyroid hormone can impede the growth and development of stem cells. Therefore, not enough hair can be formed and hair tends to thin and fall out.


7. Dry and itchy skin:


Skin cells also fall into rapid regeneration cells and the information communication of thyroid hormones plays an important role in the regeneration of these cells. When hypothyroidism occurs, the skin cells do not receive adequate information about regeneration and the skin becomes dry and the scalp changes.


8. Indifference:


Thyroid hormone is an essential hormone for the growth, development, and initiation of nerve cells. Symptoms of fear, anxiety, and depression are seen when thyroid hormones are deficient in the ability of neurons to function. Another reason for the increase in depression is that when the thyroid is deficient in physical energy, it causes depression.


 9. Mental lethargy:


With hypothyroidism, concentration, attention, rhythm, orientation, memory, emotion, dreaming, sleep and Slowness appears in specific brain activities such as speech. Although it is not clear why thyroid dysfunction occurs, it is thought to be caused by a lack of adequate supply of thyroid hormones, which are essential for the proper functioning of nerve cells. Similarly, people with low thyroid may have difficulty doing small math calculations and quick calculations.


10. Cholesterol disorders:


Hypothyroidism is a disorder in which the amount of blood fat is impaired, even when it is not fully manifested. Thyroid hormones are needed for the synthesis, metabolism, and transfer of blood fats. However, when thyroid deficiency causes this loss of control, symptoms such as increased blood cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein increase, high-density lipoprotein decrease, apolipoprotein B increase, and triglyceride levels also increase.


11. Irregular and auditory menstruation


Regular menstruation requires thyroid hormones. This is because when the thyroid is low, the growth and development of ovarian follicles are slowed down.


12. Swelling of the face, swelling of the knees


Body sores that appear in cases of complex hypothyroidism are called mixed AD. When mixed AD, the lips, mouth, eyebrows, tongue, knees, and even the skin area are swollen. If you put your finger on the swollen area due to hypothyroidism, the dam will not stay. The main reasons for this are thyroid deficiency, accumulation of mucopolysaccharides in the skin, and swelling of the mucopolysaccharide by attracting water. Problems with mixed AD can sometimes be very dangerous and people can become unconscious which is called a mixed AD crisis.


13. Voice loss:


In the case of hypothyroidism, the person's tone changes, and the tone of voice changes. Although no specific cause for the loss of voice has been identified, scientists say that the muscles and nerves of the vocal cords cannot function properly due to a deficiency of thyroid hormone.


14. Constipation


Not all people with constipation have hypothyroidism, but if you have constipation along with other symptoms of hypothyroidism, it is due to hypothyroidism. With hypothyroidism, constipation occurs as the bowel movement slows down.


15. Decreased heart rate:


Thyroid hormones regulate heart contractility, nerve stiffness, blood pressure, and heart rate. Lack of thyroid hormone slows down all these activities and also slows down the heart rate.


16. Throat coming:


Hypothyroidism increases blood levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone. Thyroid-stimulating hormones stimulate the thyroid gland to make more thyroid hormones and increase thyroid cells. If this action is done for a long time, goiter will occur.


17. Infertility:


If the problem of hypothyroidism persists for a long time or the problem becomes more complicated, the problem of infertility will appear.


18. Joints become jammed, sore, and swollen


People with thyroid also have joint pain, burning, swelling, and jamming.

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