Sunday, April 30, 2023

What are the 5 components of a research?

 What are the 5 components of a research?

Research components are introduction, literature review, method, results,

discussion, and conclusion

What are the main components of research?

A research report has seven components:

 Abstract or Summary.

 Introduction.

 Review of Literature.

 Methods.

 Results.

 Conclusions and Discussion.

 References

 Major steps for Research proposal (Report/thesis)

 Topic selection

 Content (including abbreviations, chart and boxes)

 Introduction of the topic

 Background of the study

 Significance/importance of the study

 Justification

 Objective of the study (general and specific)

 Statement of the problem (research problem formulation)

 Scope and Limitation of study

 Hypothesis

 Literature Review (conceptual an empirical/field experience based)

 Research Methodology/design

 -Time frame for the Study

 -Budget estimation

 -Site selection (justification)

 -sampling/case study

 Preparation of field work

 Ethics of researcher

 survey

 Interview (questionnaire, checklist)

 Observation

 Data management

 –Data collection (primary, secondary)

 –Data verification

 –Data analysis (data covering area/topics, status of respondents)

 Discussion of the findings/theorization

 Summary and conclusion

 Recommendations for further study

 Chapterization/ Report lay out

 Bibliography

 Appendix/annex (questionnaire, maps, photographs…)

Components (elements) of a research proposal.

A research proposal is the document presentation of Research Issue

of project. It is an argument for the proposed study. It requires the

logical explanation behind the proposed study, rather than a simple

description or a summarized study. Research Proposals are evaluated on

the cost and potential impact of the proposed research, and on the

soundness of the proposed plan for carrying it out. The components of a

research proposal are:

Introduction and Theoretical Framework:

It is the part of the paper that provides readers with

the background information for the research reported in the paper.

Its purpose is to establish a framework for the research, so that

readers can understand how it is related to other research.

Statement of the Problem:

The problem statement describes the context for the

study and it also identifies the general analysis approach

Purpose of the Study:

The purpose statement should provide a specific and

accurate synopsis of the overall purpose of the study. If the

purpose is not clear to the writer, it cannot be clear to the reader.

Review of the Literature:

The review of the literature provides the background

and context for the research problem. It should establish the need

for the research and indicate that the writer is knowledgeable about

the area.

Questions and/or Hypotheses:

A research question poses a relationship between two

or more variables but phrases the relationship as a question; a

hypothesis represents a declarative statement of the relations

between two or more.

The Research Framework:

The methods or procedures section is really the heart of

the research proposal. The activities should be described with as

much detail as possible, and the continuity between them should be


Limitations and Delimitations:

A limitation identifies potential weaknesses of the study.

Significance of the Study:

Indicates how your research will refine, revise, or

extend existing knowledge in the area under investigation

Footnotes and bibliography:


Physical layout and mechanical aspect of good thesis.

 Preliminary part: title page of the thesis, approval sheet,

recommendation letter, preface/ acknowledgements, abstract/

executive summary, table of contents, list of tables, list of figures, list

of photographs, and list of abbreviation

 Main part/ main text: introduction, review of literature, methodology,

analysis and interpretation of results, and conclusion/ generalization

of results/ findings with recommendations

 Supplementary part: includes references, appendix, maps and

figures, glossary of terms, index, and curriculum vitae (CV) sheet of

the researcher.


5 Key Elements of Methodology Section of a Research Paper

 Logic of Inquiry (Qualitative or Quantitative) ...

 Research Setting and participants. ...

 Methods and Procedure of Data Collection. ...

 Methods and Procedure of Data Analysis. ...

 Ethical Issues

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