Saturday, June 13, 2020

Use of AI (Artificial intelligence) in Nepal

Artificial intelligence


According to researchers, AI does just what it is designed to do. Scientist Khanal says, ‘Ordinary people cannot recognize the whereabouts of the head and hands of a child in the womb during the ultrasound. If there is software for that, it can be recognized. When trying to post a photo on Facebook, Facebook tries to identify the person and tag them.

How will Artificial Intelligence (AI) affect human creation once it begins its creative work? This question has been raised since the advent of AI as the latest development in science. The question was raised in public when China's state-run Xinhua news agency unveiled an AI news presenter in November 2018.


In 2016, Hanson Robotics, a Hong Kong-based company, built the robot, Sophia. He was even granted citizenship by Saudi Arabia in October 2017. Two years ago, Sofia was brought to Nepal for the UNDP's 'Technology for Public Service' conference, with which many Nepalis interacted. "As Nepal has made good progress in the field of technology, if it is adopted in the right way in the coming days, it can make a big leap forward in development," said Sofia. This sparked the debate on AI in Nepal.

The AI ​​Debate also got a place in the Nepal Literary Festival held in Pokhara in the last week of last December. The debate, entitled ‘Artificial Intelligence and the New Definition of Art’, raised concerns about whether humans would be driven by AI, but researcher Dr. Vinod Bhattarai tried to convince people that the use of AI will make them comfortable.

Before that, the first international AI conference was held in Nepal in October. Research and experience on AI and its various dimensions were presented at the conference organized by British College. The AI ​​conference is being organized by the government next July. Organizing committee member and scientist Suresh Manandhar informed us that the purpose of the conference is to raise investment by giving information about its possibilities and challenges. According to him, international level researchers will participate in the conference.

 

Use of AI in Nepal


Of course, AI is a new topic for Nepal. There has not been enough research on this. The Nepal Applied Mathematics and Information Institute for Research (NAMI) is conducting research in Nepal. Similarly, an organization called Fuse Machine is active in producing and researching AI engineers. The organization, led by researcher and scientist Sameer Maskey, is also active in creating various apps.

Researchers estimate that AI can be effective in Nepal if used properly. As Nepal is multilingual, the use of AI in language translation can be effective. Khanal has a special opinion. He says AI can also be used to study the effects of climate change and human migration. Another area he sees potential in agriculture and health. "At a time when there is a shortage of manpower in agriculture, small robots can be built and used for mining and other purposes," he said.

What is AI?


The founder of Artificial Intelligence (AI) is American computer scientist John McCarthy (1927–2011). He was accompanied by Alan Turing, Marvin Minsky, and Alan Newell Herbert A. Simon. McCarthy coined the term "artificial intelligence" in 1955.

It includes software that can perform intellectual and emotional tasks just like humans. AI includes software that smells, touches, listens, sees, and imagines. Google's language translation software is one of them.


According to researchers, AI does just what it is designed to do. Scientist Khanal says, ‘Ordinary people cannot recognize the whereabouts of the head and hands of a child in the womb during an ultrasound. If there is software for that, it can be recognized. When trying to post a photo on Facebook, Facebook tries to identify the person and tag them. That kind of identification is done by software. But the software does just that. '

Development of AI


From the 1950s onwards, scientists began researching and using machines that could speak, hear, think, and imagine like humans.

In the 1990s, AI was used in chess, where human intelligence was used extensively. Then I started thinking about the unlimited dimensions of AI. However, the development of AI accelerated only in the decade of 2010. Deep learning and machine learning also became ubiquitous in the 2010s. Just as a small child learns things when he or she grows up, the machine also has a human-learning AI phase, called 'machine learning'. Deep learning is used to teach something in depth.


Autonomous driving is the latest achievement of AI. It includes the concept of driverless driving. Similarly, chat but AI is also being used. This AI is considered to be effective in informing the service recipients about their services.

Along with AI, researchers have started thinking about Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) and Super Intelligence. Under this, a machine that can think beyond the human mind is being conceived.

Challenges and possibilities in AI


Surveys have made many feel insecure and challenged by the development of have been made public. The opinion that employment will collapse after all the work is done through AI has also come together. However, the bright side of AI is very visible. Researchers say that this will help in the rapid development of sectors such as trade, education, and transportation. Scientist Khanal says, ‘There are many companies that have achieved success by combining AI with entrepreneurship. In the context of Nepal itself, by using it, Nepal can participate in the fourth industrial revolution and accelerate the pace of development.


Benefits


Easy to do research in any genre

To find a new medicine

To promote further scientific inventions

Cheap and quality service in places where there is no expert or expensive technology

To make education effective

To manage traffic in the context of Nepal's urban areas

Creating new jobs and opportunities using AI

Risk

Fear of losing employment of the working class

Possibility of misuse by the bourgeoisie

Impact on original culture and beliefs

Low use of labor

Challenges in the creation of creators

Risk of a man being operated by machine, not a machine by man




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